Hand-to-hand combat basics

  1. Hand-to-hand combat using a stick.

The use of improvised tools and weapons in hand-to-hand combat expands the range of application of levers, allows you to produce less energy consumption and significantly speeds up the process of fighting.


Example 1 (Fig. 1).

From the initial position (Fig. 1 a), the opponent on a lunge strikes a poke with a stick in the chest of the defender. The defender turns his hips in the direction of the blow (in this case, back-to the left), takes a step with his left foot towards the attacker. These actions help to get away from the line of attack and reduce the distance from the enemy. Simultaneously with the turn, a stick is taken on the outside of the forearm of the right hand, which slips past the target. The defender grabs the far end of the stick with his left hand. The biokinematic system "opponent-stick-defender" was formed (Fig. 1 б).

Thanks to the previous actions of the defender, the opponent began to lose stability, but has the ability to restore it by stepping with the right foot. To avoid this, defending, using a "pair of forces" (left hand down, right hand up), otsasyvaet left foot, crouches and turns, keeping the main direction of movement of the opponent (Fig. 1 в).

Finally losing stability and not being able to restore it, the opponent rolls over on his back, and the defender has the opportunity to strike him with a striking blow with a selected stick (Fig. 1 r).


Example 2 (Fig. 2).

From the initial position, similar to the previous one (Fig. 2 a), the opponent strikes a poke with a stick. The actions of the defender on meeting a blow are basically similar to those described in the previous example (Fig. 2 б).

In the future, the defender continues to turn around in the main direction of movement, accelerating the withdrawal of the enemy from a stable position by using a "pair of forces" (right hand on himself down – left from himself up) (Fig. 2 в).

Since the far end of the stick is started by a smooth movement up and behind the back, the opponent releases the stick (otherwise there will be a dislocation of the shoulder joint) and falls (Fig. 2 r).


Example 3 (Fig. 3).

The opponent strikes obliquely with a stick from above from right to left (Fig. 3 a). The defender, extending his hands in the direction of the blow, takes it on the outer part of the right forearm with a turn it away from him (Fig. 3 б). The stick slides along the defense past the target, smoothly changing its trajectory (Fig. 3 в).

The accompanying movement of the right hand of the defender provides "prigruzku" of the opponent, the output of his OTS outside the reference area. The left hand makes a grab for the hair, while stepping on the right foot on the popliteal bend of the nearest leg of the opponent (Fig. 3 r).

Due to the circular movement of the left hand on itself down, and the right from itself up and a simultaneous squat, the opponent is overturned (Fig. 3 д).


Example 4 (Fig. 4).

The opponent strikes with a stick from above on the head (Fig. 4 a). The defender makes a "step with a step", simultaneously, by moving his forearms to himself with their rotation inside, he meets the opponent's stick (Fig. 4 б).

Figure 4 в shows the moment when the stick slips at the point of contact with the opponent's turning forearms. Further defending the accompanying movement of the right hand catch the stick, the left elbow gets a counter-punch to the throat forward and crouches at the same time (Fig. 4 r).

Three forces are currently working on the enemy. First – pulling in the direction of the blow and sent the right hand of the defender; the second is the impact force of the elbow joint to the throat; the third is the pressure force on the left knee the defender in the popliteal bend of the right leg of the attacker at the moment of the squat. The enemy does not cope with these forces and overturns (Fig. 4 д).


Example 5 (Fig. 5).

The opponent strikes the head with a stick from above (Fig. 5 a). The defender on a step with the left foot towards the attacker reduces the distance and meets the opponent's stick with his stick (Fig. 5 б).

Without stopping the striking movement of the opponent's stick, the defender begins to rotate his stick with the upper end towards himself at the point of contact with the attacking stick, passing it away from him. At the same time, the defender turns in the direction of the main movement of the opponent and strikes the opponent's head with the lower end of his stick (Fig. 5 в).

The opponent, unable to cope with the accumulated inertia, falling past the goal and getting a striking blow to the head, falls (Fig. 5 r).


Example 6 (Fig. 6).

The opponent strikes obliquely with a stick from top to bottom, from right to left (Fig. 6 a). The defender meets the opponent's stick with his stick on the catch-up course from himself – to himself, at the same time turning his hips back – to the left and slightly crouching (Fig. 6 б).

Without breaking the resulting contact, the defender adds acceleration to the attacker's tool with his brush by a sharp impulse in the main direction of movement. The opponent's stick skips past the target and he begins to lose balance (Fig. 6 в).

Next, the defender strikes with the far end of his stick at the attacker's neck (Fig. 6 r).

Strike with the whole (dojima). The main trajectory: the far end - to itself down, the near – from itself up to the opponent. The opponent is overturned (Fig. 6 д).


  1. Disarming the enemy at the threat of a knife.

Example 1 (Fig. 7).

Starting position: the opponent threatens with a knife (Fig. 7 a).

The defender, stepping back with his right foot and simultaneously turning in the direction of the step with his body, grabs the opponent's hand holding the knife and presses it to him with his wrist (Fig. 7 б), thus disabling the degree of freedom in the wrist.

Next, the defender, continuing to hold the opponent's hand, steps back with the left foot and stretches the armed hand with its simultaneous twisting on itself-to the left-down. The right hand of the opponent is completely "switched off", i.e. it loses all degrees of freedom, and the opponent, submitting to the pain in the wrist, elbow and shoulder joints, follows all the movements of the defender (Fig. 7 в).

After that, the defender, continuing the General movement in the given direction, crouches at the required level, and the opponent rolls over on his back (Fig. 7 r). The defender can only pick up the knife and decide on further actions (Fig. 7 д).


Example 2 (Fig. 8).

Starting position: the opponent strikes a stab with a knife (Fig. 8 a). The defender takes a step with his left foot forward and to the left, thus leaving the line of attack. Simultaneously with this movement, it strikes the right forearm on the wrist of the opponent's armed hand, rotating its forearm inward at the point of contact. The left hand of the defender controls possible deviations of the attacking hand of the opponent (Fig. 8 б).

Regardless of whether the knife is knocked out or not, the defender continues to strike with the right hand, striking the opponent in the face with the elbow, and with the left grabbing and pulling the elbow of his attacking hand. The opponent falls on the blow and, taken out of balance by the applied "pair of forces" (the elbow of the attacking hand on itself – the head from itself), begins to fall (Fig. 8 в).

Next, the defender steps back with his left leg while simultaneously squatting, continuing the lever action on the opponent. The enemy, unable to cope with the loss of stability, overturns (Fig. 8 r).


Example 3 (Fig. 9).

Starting position: the opponent strikes a stab with a knife (Fig. 9 a).

The defender on the "step with a substep", leaving the line of attack and reducing the distance with the opponent, takes the attacking limb on the right hand, without interrupting the movement of the hand with the knife (Fig. 9 б).

Next, it strikes the knee of the left leg on the knee joint of the nearest leg of the opponent, simultaneously affecting the wrist and shoulder of the armed hand from top to bottom (Fig. 9 в).

Thus, the entire biomechanical structure (system) of the enemy is unbalanced.

Continuing to influence the off-balance attacker with a "pair of forces" (his shoulder on himself down – his hand from himself up), and, stepping back with his left foot, the defender overturns the opponent (Fig. 9 r).


Example 4 (Fig. 10).

Starting position: the same as the previous one (Fig. 10 a).

When conducting defensive actions, the defender turns in the direction of the enemy's attack, gently meeting the attacking hand with a knife with the hands of his hands, turning them outward from himself (Fig. 10 б).

Meeting no resistance, the enemy slips past the goal, and the defender, taking the right hand wrist of the attacker's limbs and left arm, applies a "couple of forces" (wrist up to his elbow myself down) and squatting (Fig. 10 в).

The opponent, having failed to cope with the accumulated inertia, has lost a point of support, and, having succumbed to the painful influence, begins to fall. The defender, continuing to influence the hand, strengthens the left hand grip on the wrist of the hand holding the knife, acts according to the situation:  either it hits the knife, or it strikes a striking blow (Fig. 10 r)


Example 5 (Fig. 11).

Starting position (Fig. 11 a) the opponent strikes with a knife backhand.

Taking a blow on the catch-up course on the inside of the palm, rotating it at the point of contact from itself-out – down, the defender makes a step in a squat towards the opponent with the left foot (Fig. 11 б).

The right hand makes a defensive movement against a possible blow with the opponent's free hand, or an auxiliary (distracting) blow is applied to the face or neck, or a grab for the neck, clothing, etc.

With the left hand, the accompanying movement continues with the grip of the hand armed with a knife at the wrist with a smooth change in the trajectory of the blow to a steeper (towards the opponent's supporting leg) (Fig. 11 в).

Continuing to turn around its axis back-to the right, the defender crouches even deeper than it produces the necessary "prigruzku" and disbalance the attacker. This ensures twisting of the opponent's support platform. And the right hand of the defender grabs the knee of the opponent and affects it in a circular motion to himself – from himself along the bend in the knee joint (Fig. 11 r). Next, it makes a stretching movement, using the left-hand grip as the center of rotation, due to the continued circular movement of the pelvis back-down, and the right-hand grip as a counter movement, and overturns the opponent. In the final phase of the action, the defender either takes the knife or strikes the attacker with it (Fig. 11 д).


Example 6 (Fig. 12).

Starting position: the opponent strikes with a knife from above (Fig. 12 a).

The defender, from the position with the upper frame (or similar), meets the attacking knife-wielding hand from the inside with his left hand in the same plane, making a rotation at the point of contact first with the hand and the elbow to himself. With this movement, he (the defender) comes into contact with the enemy and with his weapon (Fig. 12 б).

Next, the defender rotates his hand and forearm away from him. Depending on the angle of attack, this rotation will be more or less pronounced, but the result should be the same – the blade of the knife should lie flat on his forearm, and the brush should fit tightly to the wrist of the opponent (Fig. 12 в).

Simultaneously, the pelvis movement back-down – to the right, the defender, continuing to turn the front plane on the step with the left foot back, crouches and begins to drag down and toward the attacker, controlling it using the appeared lever – his left hand-knife-the right hand of the opponent (Fig. 12 r). Without stopping the beginning fall of the opponent, the defender accelerates its overturning by striking the head or neck with the right hand (Fig. 12 д).

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