Hand-to-hand combat basics

  1. General principles of shock engineering.

A distinctive feature of the shock technique of hand-to-hand combat is the system SBOR is the use of the wave principle of shock energy formation.

Shock movement begins with the most massive parts of the body: thighs, pelvis, shoulders, etc. The oscillatory movement of these massive parts of the body with a relatively small speed and amplitude creates a wave that rolls through the body due to freely relaxed, uncompressed muscles from the set part to the shock part of the limbs.

At the same time, due to the wave movement, the energy of relatively low-speed movement of massive body parts is "pumped" into high-speed movements of the shock parts of the limbs (the whip effect). This allows, with relatively small expenditure of muscle effort, to receive powerful blows with high penetration ability.

It is important to work relaxed, without straining the muscles unnecessarily, when the muscles are shackled, the initial impulse is spent on overcoming the resistance of your own body and the acceleration of the shock part does not occur.

When a wave strike is correctly executed, the initial impulse of movement, for example, of the pelvis, is transmitted as a wave along the torso to the arm. In accordance with the law of conservation of momentum in the transition of the wave from the torso to the limb, the mass involved in the wave movement of the limb compared to the weight of the body falls sharply, there is a sharp increase in the velocity of the moving limb. Bringing the wave to the hand and giving it the necessary rigidity at the moment of contact, we get a sharp, whipping blow.

Stiffness at the point of contact is achieved not by the stress of the entire shock part of the body, but by "switching off" the degrees of freedom of the joints due to twisting in the articular joints. As an initial impulse, movements of the pelvis, trunk, and other various massive parts of the body can be used, performed when defending against enemy blows, leaving the attack planes, or completing the previous attack.

After the impact, the return to the initial state is carried out by a recoil pulse. In this case, the return movement after a direct blow is used as the initial impulse for another blow and Vice versa.

As a second principle striking technique, you can highlight the principle of maximum use of energy of motion in the shots. The consequence of this principle is that the proposed RB system minimizes "idle" movements of the limbs, i.e. movements that do not lead to an enemy attack or protection from his blows.

The next consequence of this principle is the combination of defensive and attacking movements.

Beats it is advisable to apply on the exhale, with the removal of the impact surface one goal in the squat and step with bodegom at the moment of contact with the enemy, with the rotation of the drum surface at the contact point (Fig. 1 a, б, в, r, д).

Blows are applied with a constant rotation along the longitudinal axis of the impact surface on the pain zones and points of active damage or unprotected parts of the body at an angle of ~ 450 to the target. It should be remembered that of the 100% points of active lesion located on the human body, about 80% are on the head and neck. The energy of blows is based on the same principles as when striking with your hands (Fig. 2 а, б, в, г, д ).

When kicking, the impact surfaces can be: the base of the toes, the heel, the upper part of the arch of the foot, the outer and inner edge of the foot, the heel area. When kicking in shoes, its properties and, first of all, hard welts are used to the maximum. The impact caused by the angle of the Welt of shoes with a hard sole leads to acute pain, disorienting the opponent and even leading to shock.

Punches and kicks are used in all cases during hand-to-hand combat. They can be applied with the subsequent capture of any part of the body or weapons (equipment), as well as clothing of the enemy. Strikes are divided into basic and distracting.

All strikes must be quick, sharp, and unexpected. Their effectiveness in all cases depends on the stable position at the time of impact.


  1. General principles of protection.

The basic principle of protection in our RB is "non-resistance to force by force". There are practically no methods of protection in which the impact energy would be completely transferred to the defense. Defenses are built in such a way that taking on the minimum share of the energy of the enemy's blow, translate it (the blow) into a ricochet, bring your body out of the plane of impact.

To do this, use: meeting the attacking limb below the minimum angle " (100-150); the withdrawal of the attacking limb beyond its silhouette, which is provided with a smooth cranking the defending limb and, accordingly, a smooth increase in the angle of meeting takoudas and the defending limb; support the attacking limb to the exit for the contours of the figures or output TPO enemy beyond the reference sites; the care of the stroke plane, turn the body Otsego with or without him, and moves vertically.

Meeting the attacking limb at an angle of "100-150" provides a transfer to the defense of no more than 15-25% of the impact energy, which allows you to deflect the blow with a relatively small side effort, created by a smooth turn of the defending hand and an increasing angle of the meeting. The turn also makes it easier for the attacking limb to slip along the defense.

The attacking limb is accompanied by the properties of the lever system of the human body – an increase in the stiffness of the hinge at angles close to the limit. Departure from the plane of impact is carried out by a coordinated turn of the hips and twisting the body in the direction of impact with simultaneous movement of the support platform.

Other fundamental principles of defense are: maximum use of the inertia of the enemy's movements to control his body and conduct counterattacks; the work of the limbs in their optimal areas of responsibility.


3. Protection from direct strikes with hands and feet.

Example 1. (Fig. 3).

The opponent delivers a direct blow to the face. The defender, being in a stand with the upper frame (Fig. 3 a), accepts the attacking limb of the opponent (hand, forearm) on the inner side of his hand or fingers, simultaneously moving the pelvis and turning the right leg back - to the left, leaving the plane of impact to the outside side relative to the opponent (Fig. 3 б).

Continuing to rotate the hand of the receiving hand together with the forearm inward on itself, the defender ensures the "failure" of the opponent, steps up to him, simultaneously grabbing the attacking hand with his left hand and accompanying it, and with the right applying a forearm blow to the throat (Fig. 3 в).

Applying a "couple of forces" (the opponent's shoulder – his throat), and turning already with the left foot back-to the right, the defender crouches and overturns the unbalanced opponent (Fig. 3 r).

Figure 4 shows the phases of receiving a hand strike: meeting on the inner surface of the palm (Fig. 4 a), turning the palm inward, ensuring the withdrawal of the attacking limb away from the target (Fig. 4 б), slipping the opponent's hand and "sinking" along the defense (Fig. 4 в).


Example 2. (Fig. 5).

The defender from the initial position (Fig. 5 a) takes the attacking hand of the opponent from the inside to the outside of the hand of his one-sided hand with its turn outwards (Fig. 5 б).

Then, without interrupting the movement of the opponent, it turns in the direction of this movement back-to the left, simultaneously grabbing and accompanying the attacking limb with its left hand, and with the right striking the throat or face (Fig. 5 в).

Thus, the opponent is taken off balance, "falls" and begins to fall. The defender, continuing to apply the formed "pair of forces" (hand-throat), crouches, accelerates the fall of the opponent and overturns it (Fig. 5 r).

The fallen opponent, in this case, gets a foot (Fig. 5 д).


Example 3. (Fig. 6).

From the starting position (Fig. 6 a), the defender takes the opponent's blow, as in example 1, simultaneously turning his hips in the direction of the blow and making a step with his left foot towards the attacker. When performing these actions, the enemy slips past the target and begins to lose stability.

The defender, without breaking contact with the attacker, grabbing his attacking limb and accompanying it along a changed trajectory, with his right hand strikes the attacking (from the verb "to step") right leg in the popliteal fold of the opponent's left leg (Fig. 6 б).

The opponent's biomechanical structure became unbalanced and unstable. In other words, it broke.

After performing these actions, the defender continues to strike with his foot until the opponent completely falls, keeping contact with his hand to protect himself from possible attempts to perform any aggressive actions with this hand. In addition, at the moment of falling, it is advisable to pull the opponent by this hand on yourself to strengthen the created torque, i.e. to accelerate the fall of the attacker (Fig. 6 в).


Example 4. (Fig. 7).

From the initial position (Fig. 7 a), the defender on "the step with a substep" takes the opponent's blow from below on his left forearm (Fig. 40 б) with its rotation inside. This is achieved by sliding the attacking limb up with a slight change in the trajectory, providing a departure from the point of impact.

Next, the defender, without breaking the contact formed, raises his forearm in the direction of the attacking limb, gradually twisting the trajectory up-for himself (Fig. 7 в).

The opponent can not cope with the additional torque that appears, stretches up and back and begins to lose stability (Fig. 7 r). The defender, continuing to accompany the already overturned opponent with his left hand, crouches and simultaneously delivers a striking blow with the right elbow to the necessary place (in this case, in the heart) (Fig. 7 д).


Example 5. (Fig. 8).

Starting position: the opponent strikes with a fist from above (Fig. 8 a).

The defender meets the hand or forearm of the attacking hand of the opponent with the outer side of the forearm of his right hand, simultaneously turning his hips in the plane of impact (Fig. 8 б).

In connection with the rotation of the forearm used for protection at the point of contact to the outside and continuing after the turn of the hips to turn the entire body, the opponent, without meeting hard resistance, loses his balance and begins to fall (Fig. 8 в).

The defender, grabbing the attacking limb with his right hand, and smoothly changing the trajectory of its movement (down-for himself), crouches to the required level (puts a little load) and strikes the opponent's head with the elbow of the left hand (Fig. 8 r).

In this case, there is a combination of the use of the lever when extending the arm of the opponent in the elbow joint with the impact under the base of the skull.

Without breaking contact with the fallen opponent, the defender can tie him or finish him off with his feet (Fig. 8 д).


Example 6. (Fig. 9).

The opponent delivers a side blow with the right hand to the head (Fig. 9a). The defender meets this blow on the outer part of the forearm of his left hand at the minimum angle of the meeting (as if giving a military salute) and slightly crouching (Fig. 9 б).

The blow of the opponent touches tangentially with the forearm of the defender and, sliding, without meeting resistance, begins to go into a ricochet. The defender, turning the left hand axis of the forearm, inside the elbow, from top to bottom, and brush myself up, smoothly redirects the attacking arm of the opponent, spinning it along the axis of the spine (Fig. 9 в).

Further, without breaking contact with the hand, and slightly grabbing the shoulder of the opponent ("puts a little load" in the area of the elbow has greatly changed the form of the attacking movement), the defender with the closest foot to the opponent deals an offensive blow to the popliteal fold of his right leg (Fig. 9 r).

The opponent, having completely lost stability, does not cope with the "pair of forces" applied to his body (shoulder – popliteal bend) and overturns (Fig. 9 д).


Example 7. (Fig. 10).

When defending against a direct kick from the starting position (Fig. 43 a), the defender turns his hips, simultaneously stepping (in this case) with his right foot in the direction of the opponent's strike. The attacking leg meets on the hand or forearm with their rotation outward at the point of contact (Fig. 10 б).

In this way, the impact is removed from the trajectory of the hit, and its support is carried out with a slight subsidence down. As a result, the enemy "fails" (Fig. 10 в).

Defending stap on the enemy and strikes with a forearm (elbow) him in the neck (Fig. 10 g). next, step your left foot back will allow the enemy to freely fall on its back, after which you can finish (Fig. 10 d).


Example 8. (Fig. 11).

The defender from the starting position (Fig. 11 a) meets the attacking leg of the opponent with his forearms with a rotation at the point of contact outward and a slight twisting of the hips to the left in the direction of impact (Fig. 11 б).

Further, on breaking contact with the opponent, who began to lose stability, the defender strikes with the left foot under the knee bend of the attacker's supporting leg (Fig. 11 в). For the defender, it is important to maintain his balance, strike with the foot with the offensive and control the fall of the opponent to the final phase. After this, it is advisable to take measures to immobilize the enemy by binding, finishing or temporarily withdrawing from the state of consciousness (Fig. 11 r).


Example 9. (Fig. 12).

From the initial position (Fig. 12 a), the defender meets the opponent's blow on the forearm of the right hand with its rotation outward-from the bottom up, simultaneously turning his hips in the direction of the blow (Fig. 12 б). The movement of the forearm provides a "soft" withdrawal of the attacking limb from the hit trajectory, and together with the imposition of the left hand on the knee of the opponent helps to control the momentum gained by them with the help of the resulting "pair of forces".

Continuing to follow the right hand leg of the opponent, and gradually change the trajectory of the shot to the far side, the defender applies a "couple of forces" (Shin, up – thigh on down) and squatting to the necessary level, so that the enemy finally "failed" at impact (Fig. 12 в). After performing these actions, in order to ensure a speedy fall of the attacker who has lost stability, the defender must simply turn his left leg back to the right (Fig. 12 r) and LOB the already lying opponent (Fig. 12 д).

Example 10 (Fig. 13).

From the starting position (Fig. 13 a), the opponent strikes a circular blow with the right foot on the upper level.  the defender steps on the opponent with the right foot and turns frontally to the attacking limb, simultaneously taking a blow on the forearm of both hands (Fig. 13 б).

Receiving a blow on the forearm is as close as possible to the beginning of the limb, i.e. to the beginning of thigh right upper arm and ankle of the left, because the speed, and with it the force of impact in the area of the hips will be significantly less than the area of the foot. In addition, the speed of the attacking leg is dampened by the rotational movement of the forearms of the defender inside, from the opponent to himself at the point of contact.

Next, the defender deals an offensive blow under the knee bend of the supporting leg of the opponent and controls his fall to the end (Fig. 13 в).

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