Shooting basics

Shooting in the SBOR system includes shooting at long distances and in close combat. Shooting at long distances is well described in the instructions on fire training and does not cause disputes. Questions arise when shooting in close combat.


Even professionals have different ideas about what close combat is and how shooting is conducted in its conditions.

A veteran of the great Patriotic war will remember hand-to-hand fights in the trenches with a single bullet, bayonet and butt, tongue grabs with blows of a grenade without a fuse on the head of a gaping "Fritz", shooting from a TT pistol at point-blank range hurrying "tongue" to help the enemy.

Participants in the Afghan war or local conflicts on the territory of the former Soviet Union will talk about fleeting raids on Mujahideen bases and ruthless ambushes with the need to create a density of fire and quickly transfer it to the flanks.

Employees of special divisions of law enforcement agencies have their own ideas about close combat, but the latter are able to keep their mouths shut.

Despite the widespread use of the term "melee", the authors of the system failed to find a strict definition of it. "Military encyclopedia", "Dictionary of military terms" characterize the conditions of its origin and maintenance: "Close combat is most characteristic... when destroying the enemy in defensive structures, fighting at night, in the forest, in populated areas." This characteristic is very broad and too General in that the listed conditions of its occurrence have their own characteristics.

For fighting in defensive structures, a narrow space (trench, trench) is characteristic, the inability to fire when following the trench several soldiers, approximately the expected direction of the enemy's appearance, the possibility of using grenades and the difficulty of determining the moment of their use, the low probability of hiding from their fragments.

The forest is characterized by an unexpected encounter with the enemy, the difficulty of determining its position, the lack of reliable shelter (not every tree will hide from a bullet), the lack of convenient places to conduct aimed fire, but there is a large number of covers, good opportunities for camouflage (shelter protects from observation and enemy fire, cover only hides from observation).

In the settlements, the battle is divided into two kinds: one is the street fighting, when operations are conducted along the streets, opportunities to disguise almost no shelters are few and inconvenient for taking the best position for shooting, targets appear for a short period of time, move quickly (e.g. cross the street), small fires along the streets, and from the flanks, in the presence of tall buildings and the top of the upper floors and attics. And the range of fire-from a few meters to several blocks.

The second is in actions inside buildings, where mathematical calculation is required when moving, care in examining the premises, instant reaction in shooting and leaving the line of fire.

Now let's look at the General component of the above-described conditions for the occurrence of melee. They are characterized by limited space, the complexity of conducting surveillance and target recognition, which dramatically reduces the detection distance of the target, the time of observation for it, and expands the sector of possible directions for the appearance of the enemy.

After analyzing these conditions, we determined the quantitative characteristics of melee and gave its definition

Close combat is fire contact with a high probability of going into melee, in conditions of limited space and visibility, difficult to disguise and use of shelters, at ranges from the distance of the melee to one-third of the range of actual fire of the weapon used.

How to shoot in close combat

Having a definition of melee you can also deduce the requirements for shooting and shooting training:

- shooting must be accurate to ensure the defeat of the enemy.

- shooting should be fast, allowing you to hit the enemy before he starts to react, and if he reacts ahead in a duel situation.

- shooting should provide the opportunity to quickly maneuver the shooter to get to a favorable position and to escape from enemy fire.

Shooting without traditional aiming

At the distance of hand-to-hand combat and verbal and psychological contact, the "system of tactical shooting" developed by S. I. Sergienko works best. its scientific justification and description are given in the may – August issues of "bro" this year. Also, the development of Sergei Ivanovich became the main shooting base of the S. B. O. er system.

The proposed method of shooting is not an alternative to classical fire training, but complements it in areas where the usual techniques and rules of shooting stop working effectively. The difference between this shooting from other types is that the weapon is aimed at the target without sighting through sighting devices, with the ability to quickly switch to classic aiming.

In the beginning, the correct motor skills of weapon control are formed, which are worked out to the reflex level. During this period, the analysis of sensations of the internal state of the body, the position of the body and the weapon in space relative to the target is used as an auxiliary tool that accelerates the process of developing motor skills of high-speed shooting.

When motor skills become sufficiently stable and do not require conscious control, sensory perception improves. Vision, hearing, and touch are subject to the same task – to find and classify targets, as well as to determine the order and method of their destruction. This completes the formation of the "weapon sense" skill.

Standing shooting "weapon sense" is a skill that allows the shooter to predict the position of the hit point with a high probability, intuitively, on a subconscious level before the shot is fired. In other words, you consciously determine the point of impact and direct your motor skills through sensory perception of the weapon exactly as it is necessary for the bullet to hit the intended point. Visual-effective thinking works.

The weapon sense is formed through muscle sensations and works on the "body-weapon" line. As you master the technique of high-speed shooting, another link appears-the goal. It turns out a three-link line "body-weapon-target". But while searching for a goal, there is no time to think about the body, and the motor skill developed to the reflex level allows you to do this. Based on this, we exclude the first link from the conscious level-the"body". It turns out that conscious control is carried out in the remaining two links "weapon-target".

Reaching this level makes it possible to abandon the strict requirements for compliance with racks and allows you to conduct effective fire from complex dynamic positions – in a jump, somersault, fall, on the run.

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