Shooting basics

Generalities.

Shooting from a machine gun (carbine) can be carried out from various positions and from any place where the target is visible or the area where the enemy is expected to appear.

When firing from a position, the shooter assumes a standing, kneeling, or lying position, depending on the terrain conditions and enemy fire.

In motion, it can fire on the move without stopping and with a short stop.

For shooting from a machine gun (carbine), it is necessary to choose a place that provides the best view and firing, hides from observation and enemy fire, and allows you to conveniently perform shooting techniques.

Depending on the situation, the place for shooting is chosen in a trench, trench, shell crater, ditch, behind a stone, stump, etc. In a locality, a place for shooting can be selected in the window of a building, in the attic, in the Foundation of a building, etc.

You should not choose a place to shoot near prominent individual local items, as well as on the ridges of hills.

  1. when preparing a place for shooting in advance, it is necessary to check the possibility of firing in a given sector or direction, for which the machine gun is consistently aimed at various local objects. For the convenience of firing, you must prepare a stop under the handguard of the machine.

Depending on the situation and the nature of the terrain, the shooter in combat moves by running, walking at an accelerated pace and running or crawling. Before starting to move the machine is put on the safety.

  1. when running, walking at an accelerated pace, and when running, the machine is held with one or two hands, as it is more convenient.

When crawling automatic (carbine)  it is held by the right hand by the belt at the top of the entablature or by the forearm.

  1. For the successful execution of fire missions the shooter needs to master the techniques of shooting.

Each shooter, guided by the General rules of execution of shooting techniques and taking into account their individual characteristics, must develop and apply the most favorable and stable position for shooting, achieving a uniform position of the head, body, hands and feet.

Depending on the physical characteristics, it is allowed to shoot from the left shoulder, aim with both eyes open, etc.

  1. Shooting from a machine gun (carbine) consists of preparation for shooting, production of shooting (shot) and termination of shooting.

Ready to fire.

  1. The arrows are made to fire on command or on their own. During training sessions, the command to prepare for shooting can be given separately, for example: "To the firing line, step-March", and then "Load". If necessary, the firing position is indicated before the "Load" command.
  2. Preparation for firing involves taking a position for firing and loading the machine gun.
  3. to adopt a prone shooting position, you must:

a) if the machine gun (carbine) is in the "on the belt" position. Apply your right hand on the belt a few up and removing the gun from his shoulder, catching it with his left hand over the trigger guard and receiver, then take a gun (carbine) right hand tube plate and forend muzzle part forward. At the same time, take a full step with your right foot forward and slightly to the right. Leaning forward, get down on your left knee and put your left hand on the ground in front of you, fingers to the right; then, based consistently on the thigh of the left leg and forearm of the left hand, lie down on your left side and quickly turn on his stomach, legs spread slightly to the sides socks out; the machine(rifle) to put a forearm into the palm of the left hand.

b) if the machine gun (carbine) is in the "chest" position. To take his left hand from underneath the fore-end and barrel overlay and lifting it slightly forward and up, bring right hand out from under the strap and then throw the strap over your head and take a gun (carbine) right hand tube plate and forend muzzle part forward. In the future, the position for shooting lying down is taken in the same way as from the position with the machine gun "on the belt".

4. For the adoption of provisions for firing from the knee, it is necessary to take a gun (shotgun) in his right hand (V. 3) over the tube plate and forend muzzle part forward and at the same time, put your right foot back down on your right knee and sit on the heel; the Shin of the left leg should remain in a vertical position, and hips should form an angle close to direct. Move the machine gun (carbine) with the forearm in the left hand, pointing it towards the target.

         5. To adopt a standing shooting position, you must:

a) if the machine gun (carbine) is in the "on the belt" position. Turn half-turn to the right in relation to the direction of the goal and, without putting your left foot, put it to the left about shoulder width, as convenient, while distributing the weight of the body evenly on both legs. At the same time, giving the right hand on the belt slightly up, remove the machine gun (carbine) from the shoulder and, grabbing it with the left hand from below for the forearm and the receiver plate, energetically feed, the muzzle part forward, towards the goal.

b) if the machine gun (carbine) is in the "chest" position. Take the machine gun (carbine) with your left hand from the bottom of the forearm and the receiver plate and, lifting it slightly forward and up, withdraw your right hand from under the belt, and then throw the belt over your head. At the same time, turn half-turn to the right and, without putting your left foot, put it to the left about shoulder width, as convenient, and energetically submit the machine gun muzzle forward, towards the goal.

  1. In making provisions for firing with a gun (a carbine) "on the chest" it is allowed not to remove the belt from the neck, but to use it for a stronger hold of the machine gun when shooting.
  2. For loading the machine it is necessary:
  • holding the machine (rifle) left hand handguard, right hand attached to the gun (the rifle) loaded magazine, if it was not previously attached to it;
  • put the translator in the fire position if the machine gun (carbine)  it is on the fuse;
  • use your right hand to pull the bolt frame back to its full height by the handle and release it;
  • put the automatic rifle (carbine) on the safety, if you do not have to immediately open fire or did not follow the command "Fire", and move your right hand to the pistol grip.

Shot firing 

  1. Fire from the machine gun (carbine) is conducted on commands or independently depending on the task and the situation.
  2. production of shooting (shot) includes setting the sight, translator on the desired type of fire, butt, aiming, trigger release and holding the machine gun (carbine) when shooting.
  3. to install the sight, it is necessary to bring the machine gun (carbine) closer to yourself, with the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, squeeze the latch of the yoke and move the yoke to align its front section with the risk (division) under the corresponding number on the aiming bar.
  4. For neoprene of the machine (rifle) we hold a gun (carbine) with the left hand at the forearm or at the store, and the right hand for the pistol grip and not losing the target out of sight, to rest the butt in the shoulder to feel a snug fit to shoulder the entire recoil pad (shoulder rest), the index finger of the right hand (the first joint) to impose the trigger.

Tilt your head a little forward and without straining your neck, put your right cheek to the butt. The elbows should be:

- placed on the ground in the most comfortable position, about shoulder width when shooting from a prone position, standing and from the knee from the trench;

- the elbow of the left hand is placed on the flesh of the left leg at the knee or somewhat lowered from it, and the elbow of the right hand is raised approximately to the height of the shoulder when shooting from the position of the knee outside the trench;

- left elbow pressed to the side around the bag for grenades, if the machine is held by the store, and the elbow of the right hand elevated at approximately the height of shoulder while standing outside of the trench.

If a belt is used with the butt to hold the machine gun more firmly when shooting, then the belt should be placed under the left hand so that it presses it to the forearm.

5. For aiming it is necessary to close the left eye and for the right to look through the sight slot on the fly so that the fly fell in the middle of the slot and the top of it was on a par with the top edges of the rear sight grivki, i.e. to get a smooth fly.

Holding your breath on the exhalation, move your elbows, and if necessary, the body and legs to bring an even front sight to the point of aiming, while simultaneously pressing the trigger with the first joint of the index finger of the right hand.

When aiming, make sure that the mane of the aiming bar occupies a horizontal position.

6. To pull the trigger, firmly holding the machine gun (carbine) with the left hand for the forearm or magazine, and right pressing the pistol grip to the shoulder, holding your breath, continue to gently press the trigger until the trigger is imperceptibly for the submachine gunner does not descend from the combat platoon, ie, until the shot occurs.

If when aiming a flat front sight significantly deviates from the point of aiming, you need, without increasing or decreasing the pressure on the trigger, to clarify the tip and re-strengthen the pressure on the trigger until the shot occurs.

When lowering the trigger, do not attach importance to the slight fluctuations of the smooth front sight at the aiming point. The desire to squeeze the trigger at the moment of the best alignment of the flat front sight with the aiming point, as a rule, leads to pulling the trigger and to an inaccurate shot. If the shooter, pressing the trigger, feels that he can no longer stop breathing, it is necessary, without increasing or decreasing the pressure of the finger on the trigger, to resume breathing and, again holding it on the exhalation, to clarify the tip and continue to press the trigger.

The cessation of shooting.

  1. The cessation of firing may be temporary or complete.
  2. to temporarily stop shooting, the command "Stop" is given, and when shooting in motion - "Cease fire". According to these commands, the submachine gunner stops pressing the trigger, puts the automatic rifle (carbine) on the safety and, if necessary, changes the magazine.
  3. to change the store, you must:

- separate the store from the vending machine;

- attach a loaded magazine.

If all cartridges were used up in the magazine, then after attaching the loaded magazine to the machine gun (carbine)it is necessary to remove the automatic from the safety, pull the bolt frame back by the handle until it fails, release it and put the automatic (carbine) on the safety again.

  1. For a complete cessation of firing after the command "Stop" or "Cease fire" command "Unload", this command puts the shooter machine (carbine) safety discharge machine (carbine). When shooting from a prone position, holding the machine gun (carbine) with the right hand for the forearm and the receiver plate, lowers the butt (the back of the receiver) to the ground, and puts the muzzle on the forearm of the left hand.
  2. to discharge the automatic rifle (carbine), you must:

- separate the store;

- remove the automatic rifle (carbine) from the safety;

- slowly pull the bolt frame back by the handle, remove the cartridge from the chamber and release the bolt frame;

- pull the trigger (pull the trigger from the combat platoon);

- put the gun (shotgun) to the fuse, take it "on the strap", if the shots were fired from a standing position, or put on the ground if shots were fired from the prone position or kneeling;

- remove the cartridges from the magazine and attach it to the machine gun (carbine);

- pick up the cartridge removed from the chamber.

  1. to get up, you need to pull both hands up to chest level, holding the machine gun (carbine) with your right hand for the forearm and the receiver pad, at the same time bring both legs together, sharply straightening your arms, raise your chest from the ground and bring your right (left) leg forward, quickly stand up and, if necessary, start moving.
  2. After discharge, if necessary, the Manager gives the command "Weapons-for inspection". On this command it is necessary to:

- in the supine position: to separate the store and put it near the machine (carbine) mouth to yourself, remove the machine (rifle), safety off, take of the handle on bolt carrier back and turn the automatic (shotgun) a few to the left; after the inspection the commander of the store chamber and release the bolt forward, pull the trigger with cocking (pull the trigger), put the machine (carbine) on the fuse to attach the magazine to the machine and take a position specified in article 3.

- in a standing position with a gun "in the belt": take a position ready for firing while standing; holding a gun (carbine) with the left hand from underneath the fore-end, right hand to separate the store and put it in your left hand feeder upwardly convex part of himself, the fingers of the left hand to press shop to the forend of the gun (carbine); remove the machine (rifle), safety off, take the bolt back and turn the machine a few left.

After the inspection the commander of the store chamber and release the bolt forward, pull the trigger with cocking (pull the trigger), put the machine (carbine) to fuse, to join the store and take a gun (a rifle) in the position "on the belt".

Techniques of shooting from a stop and from behind cover.

  1. depending on the height of the stop or shelter, the submachine gunner takes positions for shooting: lying down, kneeling or standing.
  2. Shooting with focus to put the gun forearm on the stop and hold his left hand in the shop or forearm, and right hand for the pistol grip. A hard stop for softening should be covered with turf, a rolled-up raincoat, a rolled-up overcoat, etc.
  3. to shoot from behind a tree, corner of a building, and other shelters, take a firing position, lean against the shelter so that it protects the submachine gunner from enemy fire; hold the machine gun the same way as when shooting without cover. When shooting from behind a small shelter (a trench for shooting lying down, a hillock, a hummock), be located behind the shelter.
  4. for shooting from a trench or trench, lean your body against the wall of the trench, put your elbows on the ground with both hands, and press the butt firmly against your shoulder; in this case, you can fire both from the stop, and from the hand or with the support of the magazine on the ground.

Shooting techniques on the move.

  1. Shooting on the move is carried out from the machine gun offhand or with the butt pressed to the side.
  2. Offhand shooting can take place with short stops and without stops.

To shoot offhand from a short stop, you need to stop and at the moment of setting your left foot on the ground simultaneously rest the butt on your shoulder (throw up the machine gun); without putting your right foot, aim, make one or two bursts (shots), lower the machine gun, continue moving.

To shoot offhand without stopping, raise the machine gun to your shoulder, point it at the target and, continuing to move, open fire.

  1. Shooting with the butt pressed to the side is conducted without stopping. To do this, use your right hand to press the butt to your right side without stopping or with the back of your head resting on the shoulder of your right hand at the elbow joint. If the stock folded, the gun right hand pressed to the side of the receiver and pistol grip; left hand to hold the gun at the forearm. Aim the machine gun at the target and, without stopping moving, open fire.
  2. When shooting on-the-go reloading of the machine to produce in suspending the movement.

Shooting techniques with skis.

  1. Shooting with the ski can be carried out from the machine from place (lying, kneeling, standing) and movement.
  2. For shooting with the ski lying down to take the gun in your right hand, stick in left. Leaving the heels of the skis in place, the socks of the skis spread out to the sides. Leaning on sticks, get down on your knees. Lie down, put the stapled sticks under your elbows and hold the machine gun the same way as when shooting lying down without skis.
  3. for shooting with skis from the knee, put the sticks on the left side, turn the right ski with the toe to the right, lower the right knee on the right ski and assume the position as for shooting from the knee without skis.
  4. for shooting with skis standing, put the sticks on the left side, slightly turn the right ski toe to the right and take the position as for shooting standing without skis.

For stability when shooting from skis standing up, you can use sticks as a stop, for which you can fasten the sticks with loops and put the automatic handguard on the loops.

  1. For shooting with the ski in movement to put the loop sticks in your hands; right hand to push the butt to the right side without focusing or focusing of the recoil pad in the shoulder portion of the right hand at the elbow; with the left hand, holding the gun at the forearm, guiding him to the goal; not stopping the motion, to open fire.

Shooting can also be carried out with the loops of both sticks fastened together on the right or left hand.

The techniques of shooting while moving.

For shooting from a moving armored personnel carrier, car and landing vehicles, any convenient positions are used to ensure the stability of the machine gun and the safety of neighbors. In this case, the walls of seats and other structures inside the body of the armored personnel carrier are used as supports for the hands, forearms, sides and legs. Under the forearm it is necessary to put the belt machine,

The barrel when firing through the loophole of feeding forward so that the notch sight was in the 5-7 cm from the side, and buildings do not interfere with the arm movement of the bolt.

In making provisions for firing over the sides you need to stand with both feet on the bottom of the armored vehicle, slightly bending at the knee or the left knee on the seat, move the muzzle of the gun over the side and his left hand holding the Board to hold the machine on top.

Rules of shooting from a machine gun (carbine)

General provisions.

  1. To be successful in the battle you have:

- continuously monitor the battlefield;

- quickly and correctly prepare data for shooting;

- skilfully fire at all sorts of targets in various combat conditions, both day and night; to defeat group and most important single targets, use concentrated sudden fire;

- observe the results of fire and skillfully correct it;

- monitor the consumption of ammunition in combat and take measures to replenish them in a timely manner.
The battlefield surveillance and target designation.

  1. Surveillance is conducted for the purpose of timely detection of the location and actions of the enemy. In addition, in battle, you must observe the signals and signs of the commander and the results of their fire.

If there are no special instructions from the commander, the soldiers conduct surveillance in the specified sector of fire to a depth of 1000 m.

  1. Surveillance is conducted with the naked eye. Special attention should be paid to hidden approaches when observing. Examine the area from right to left from near objects to far ones. The inspection should be carried out carefully, since the detection of the enemy is facilitated by minor unmasking signs; such signs can be: Shine, noise, swaying branches of trees and bushes, the appearance of new small objects, changes in the position and shape of local objects, etc.

In the presence of binoculars, use it only for a more thorough study of individual objects or areas of the area, while taking measures to ensure that the Shine of the glasses of the binoculars does not detect their location.

At night, the location and actions of the enemy can be determined by sounds and light sources. If the area is illuminated by a rocket or other light source in the desired direction, quickly inspect the illuminated area.

  1. About noticed on field of battle goals, you must immediately report to the commander and correctly specify their location. The report should be concise, clear and accurate."

Target selection.

  1. for automatic weapons (carbines), the most characteristic are live targets - calculations of machine guns and guns, groups of shooters or individual figures firing from various positions, as well as live force on cars, motorcycles, etc.Targets can be stationary, appearing for a short time and moving.
  2. the Shooter in battle is firing, usually as part of a squad or platoon, destroying the targets specified to him by the commander. Therefore, it must listen carefully and execute all commands accurately.
  3. If the arrow in battle, the goal for destruction is not specified, it chooses it himself. First of all, it is necessary to hit the most dangerous and important targets, such as calculations of machine guns and guns, commanders and observers of the enemy. Out of two equally important targets, choose the closest and most vulnerable one to fire at. When you are prompted during the shooting of the new, more important targets to immediately transfer the fire to it.

Selecting the sight and aiming point.

  1. to select the sight and aiming point, you must determine the distance to the target and take into account external conditions that may affect the range and direction of the bullet. The sight and aiming point are selected so that when shooting the average trajectory passes through the middle of the target.

When shooting at a distance of up to 300 m, the fire should be conducted, as a rule, with a 3 or "P" sight, aiming at the lower edge of the target or in the middle, if the target is high (running figures, etc.).

When shooting at distances exceeding 300 m, the sight is set according to the distance to the target, rounded to as many as hundreds of meters. As a rule, the middle of the target is taken as the aiming point. If the conditions of the situation do not allow you to change the setting of the sight depending on the distance from the target, within range of a direct shot fire should be conducted with a view, the appropriate blank range, taking aim at the lower edge of the target.

  1. the Distance to the goal is determined by the eye. In this case, the distance to goals and local objects is determined by the segments of terrain that are well imprinted in visual memory, by the degree of visibility and apparent size of goals (objects), as well as by combining both methods.

When determining distances along sections of terrain, you need to put some familiar distance that is firmly established in visual memory, for example, a segment of 100, 200 or 300 m, mentally postpone from yourself to the object (goal).

When determining distances based on the degree of visibility and apparent size of objects (goals), it is necessary to compare the apparent size of the goal with the visible dimensions of this goal imprinted in memory at certain distances.

If a target is found near a landmark or a local object whose distance is known, then the distance to the target must be taken into account by eye when determining its distance from the landmark.

At night, the distance to lighted targets is determined in the same way as during the day.

  1. a Significant deviation of the external conditions from the table (normal) changes the range of the bullet or deflects it away from the firing plane. The table shooting conditions are taken as the air temperature +15±C, the absence of wind and elevation of the terrain above sea level, the angle of the target location is not more than 15±.
  2. Deviation of the air temperature from the table (+15±C) causes a change in the range of the bullet, increasing it when shooting in summer and reducing it in winter. The range of the bullet when shooting in summer conditions increases slightly, so make an adjustment to the sight or the position of the aiming point should not be. The range of the bullet when shooting in winter (at low temperatures) at a distance of more than 400 m is reduced by a significant amount (50-100 m), so it is necessary to select the aiming point at the upper edge of the target at air temperatures above -25±C, and at air temperatures below -25±C to increase the sight by one division.
  3. Adjustments to the setting of the sight for exceeding the terrain above sea level and the angle of the target location are taken into account only when shooting in the mountains, if the distance to the target is more than 400 m.
  4. Side wind has a significant influence on the flight of the bullet, deflecting it to the side. Correction for crosswind is taken into account by moving the aiming point in the target figures or in meters; in this case, the offset of the aiming point is calculated from the middle of the target in the direction from which the wind blows.

Choosing the moment to open fire.

The Moment for opening fire is determined by the command "Fire", and when firing independently-depending on the situation and the position of the target.

The most favorable moments for opening fire: when the target can be hit suddenly from close range; when the target is clearly visible; when the target is crowded, substitutes the flank or rises to its full height.

A sudden fire attack on the enemy, especially from the flank, produces a stunning effect on him and causes him the greatest defeat.

Conducting fire, monitoring its results and correcting it.

 

  1. when conducting fire, the shooter must carefully observe the results of his fire and correct it.

Monitoring the results of their fire is conducted by ricochets, bullet routes and the behavior of the enemy.

Fire correction is performed by changing the position of the aiming point in height and lateral direction, or by changing the setting of the sight. The aiming point is displayed by the amount of deflection of ricochets or tracks in the direction opposite to their deviation from the target. If the deviation of the bullets from the target range exceeds 100 m, you must change the setting of the sight by one division. To correct the fire on the tracks, it is necessary that the shooting was carried out with cartridges with ordinary and tracer bullets in the ratio: for three cartridges with ordinary bullets, one cartridge with a tracer bullet.

  1. Signs indicating the validity of their fire can serve as: the loss of the enemy, its transition from running to crawling, dismemberment and deployment of columns, weakening or cessation of fire of the enemy, its withdrawal or withdrawal to cover.

Shooting at stationary and emerging targets.

  1. fire short or long bursts at a Single clearly visible target, depending on the importance of the target, its size, and its range. The more dangerous or the further away the goal, the longer the queue should be. Fire is maintained until the target is destroyed or disappears.
  2. when shooting at an emerging target, the time to shoot is determined by the appearance of the target. To defeat an emerging target, you must notice the place of its appearance, quickly prepare to fire and open fire. The speed of opening fire is crucial for hitting the target. If during the preparation for shooting the target disappeared, when it reappears, clarify the tip and open fire.

When shooting at a repeatedly appearing target, it should be borne in mind that it may appear in a new place, so its defeat will depend on careful observation, quickness of preparation for shooting and opening fire.

Hit an emerging target in bursts that quickly follow one another.

  1. Group goal, consisting of individual, clearly visible figures, fire bursts, consistently transferring fire from one figure to another.
  2. a Wide target consisting of obscurely visible figures or masked, and a single masked target should be fired with the scattering of bullets along the front of the target (mask) or with the sequential transfer of the aiming point from one flank of the target (mask) to the other.
  3. Shooting at attacking enemy manpower at a distance of 100 m and closer to conduct long bursts (for the machine gun) with the scattering of bullets along the front of the target.

Shooting at moving targets.

  1. when the target is moving towards or away from the shooter at a distance not exceeding the range of a direct shot, fire with the installation of a sight corresponding to the range of a direct shot. At distances exceeding the range of a direct shot, fire with the setting of the sight corresponding to the distance at which the target may be at the time of opening fire.
  2. when shooting at a target moving at an angle to the firing plane, the aiming point must be selected ahead of the target and at such a distance from it that during the flight of the bullet, the target has moved this distance, the Distance that the target moves during the flight of the bullet to it is called preemptive. Preemptive movement of the target is taken in the target figures or in meters.
  3. Fire on a target moving at an angle to the firing plane is conducted by a method of tracking the target or by a method of waiting for the target (fire attack).

When firing by way of target tracking gunner while moving the machine in the direction of movement of the target, at the moment the most correct aiming will fire short or long bursts depending on range and speed of target movement.

When firing by way of waiting the target (fire attack) shooter takes aim at a selected point in front of the goal and approach goal to this point on the value of a half to two agencies of the table, firmly holding the weapon, produces a long queue(for the machine); then, if the target cannot be affected, selects ahead of her new point of sight, and takes aim at the approach of the purpose to her the amount of needed lead produces again a long line, etc.

  1. when the target is moving at an acute angle to the firing plane, pre - emptive fire by the method of tracking the target is taken twice less than the table, and when firing by the method of waiting for the target-the table.

Shooting in the mountains.

in the mountains, when shooting at ranges over 400 m, if the terrain height above sea level exceeds 2000 m, the sight corresponding to the range to the target, due to the reduced air density, should be reduced by 1 division; if the terrain height above sea level is less than 2000 m, then the sight should not be reduced, and the aiming point should be selected on the lower edge of the target.

When shooting in the mountains from the bottom up or top down at ranges of over 400 m and the elevation angles of less than 30± the aiming point should be selected on the bottom edge of the target and at angles of more than 30± sight corresponding to the distance to the target, reduce 1 step.

Shooting in conditions of limited visibility.

  1. Shooting at night at lighted targets is performed in the same way as during the day. During the illumination of the area, the shooter, having detected the target, quickly sets the sight, takes aim and produces a burst.

At short-term coverage of the target (e.g., the area illuminated by the illumination rounds) fire should be conducted with scope P, taking aim at the middle of the target, if the target range 300 m, and in the upper part of the target if the target is at a distance of over 300 m.

To avoid temporary blindness, do not look at the light source.

  1. Shooting at night at a target that reveals itself by flashes of shots, is carried out with the installation of the sight 3 or N in long bursts. The fire is opened at the moment when the flashes of shots are visible in the center of the front sight guard and on the mane of the aiming bar. In cases where the safety of the front sight and the mane of the aiming bar are not visible, the weapon is directed at the target along the barrel.
  2. For shooting at a target, whose silhouette is visible against the sky, blazing fire, snow, you need a weapon to send target on a light background and take a smooth shot. Then, moving the weapon, bring the line of sight to the middle of the silhouette and open fire.

The shooting is carried out in long bursts. When shooting at targets visible on a dark background (forest, shrubbery), the weapon is aimed at the barrel.

  1. in advance preparation for shooting at night for the machine gun (carbine) in the parapet, a chute is cut out so that the weapon placed in it is directed to the line of probable appearance of the enemy.

For shooting at night in a given sector, move the machine gun (carbine)  the lateral direction is limited by pegs. The height position is fixed by a layer of turf (brick, cut-out Board, etc.) placed under the pistol grip.

  1. for better correction of fire when shooting at night, it is advisable to use cartridges with tracer bullets.
  2. Shooting at targets located in the immediate vicinity of the shooter and found themselves sound, is conducted in long bursts with the direction (for the machine gun) down the barrel toward the sound.
  3. Shooting at targets located behind a smoke screen or behind a mask is carried out in long bursts ( for the machine gun) with the scattering of bullets along the front.

Shooting when the shooter moves.

Shooting while driving (on the move, from an armored personnel carrier, from a car) is possible with a short stop and without stopping.

From a short stop, aimed fire is conducted according to the same rules as when shooting from the spot. It is necessary to prepare for shooting, set the sight and aim during movement and braking of the car. At the moment of stopping, check the accuracy of aiming and open fire.

Shooting on the move (when acting on foot, on an armored personnel carrier, car, or ferry vehicles) due to significant and constant fluctuations in weapons is conducted within the range of a direct shot.

The height of the aiming point is selected at the level of the lower edge of the target, and in the lateral direction-depending on the speed and direction of traffic and the nature of the target (appearing or moving). When firing over the front (rear) side or at an angle of no more than 30± to the direction of traffic, the aiming point for emerging targets should not be taken outside the target in calm weather.

If the fire is directed to the right (left) side of the vehicle when moving at a speed of 10-15 km / h, the aiming point must be taken out by 4 thousandths in the direction opposite to the movement of the car. When shooting at live force, you can remember the following rule: the aiming point should be taken out to the right (left) when firing from the right (left) side to the number of figures equal to the number of hundreds of meters to the target.

The removal of the aiming point to the sidewind and the preemptive movement of the target should be taken into account in the same way as when shooting from the spot.

When driving without stopping, on uneven terrain, or shooting is carried out in long bursts with a tip (for the machine gun) on the barrel without using the sight.

For the best adjustment of fire to use cartridges with tracer bullets.

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