Shooting basics

It is not enough just to have a gun in your pocket or in a holster, you need to be able to use it correctly, only then gun will become a reliable friend on whom you can rely. 

It is necessary to remember the deadly danger of presumptuous handling of a gun. Respect for it is necessary, because one day it may save your life.

Generalities.

  1. The pistol shooting is done from the standing, kneeling, lying down, arms and stops, or when driving a car, etc. All shooting techniques are performed quickly by the shooter, without ceasing to observe the target.
  2. Shooting a gun consists of performing the following techniques:
    • - preparations for shooting (loading the gun, taking the position for shooting);
    • - production of the shot (aiming, trigger release);
    • - stopping firing (stopping pressing the tail of the trigger, turning on the safety, i.e. transferring it to the "protection" position, discharging the gun).
  1. to perform shooting techniques that provide the greatest accuracy and convenience of shooting actions, each serviceman must, depending on their individual characteristics, develop the most favorable and stable position for shooting, while achieving a uniform position of the handle in the hand and the most convenient position of the body, hands and feet.

Ready to fire and a shooting

When preparing to fire at the command "Load" the shooter must:

- remove the gun from the holster; remove the magazine from the base of the handle; put the gun in the holster;

- equip the magazine with cartridges, for which, holding the magazine in the left hand, put the right hand into the store one after another cartridges, pressing with your thumb until the cartridge goes over the upper curved edges of the side walls of the store case, move it with the cap close to the back wall of the store case;

- remove the gun from the holster and insert the magazine into the base of the handle;

- send the cartridge to the chamber of the barrel, then turn off the fuse (lower the flag down), move the bolt to the extreme rear position with your left hand and release it;

- turn on the fuse (move the fuse box with your right thumb so that it covers the red circle) and put the gun in the holster.

Note. In a combat situation, the gun must be loaded in advance.

For making provisions for shooting standing you must:

- turn half-turned to the left and putting his right foot, put it forward toward the target at shoulder width (like growth) by distributing the body weight evenly on both feet;

- unfasten the cover and remove the gun from the holster;

- hold the gun vertically with the muzzle up against the right eye, while maintaining the position of the hand at the height of the chin; the left hand should be freely lowered along the body or laid behind the back;

- holding the gun muzzle up, put your right thumb on the fuse box and lower it down (turn off the fuse); put your index finger in the trigger guard, without touching the trigger.

Notes:

  • When shooting with the left hand, the body position is reversed; with the right hand, remove the gun from the holster and transfer it to the left hand.
  • If the shooting will be conducted with a preliminary cocking of the trigger, and not self-cocking, then after switching off the fuse, you need to press the thumb of the right hand on the head of the trigger to put the trigger on the firing platoon.

To take the position to shoot from the knee, you need to put your left leg back so that the toe of her foot was against the heel of the right foot; quickly drop to the left knee and sit on the heel; the right leg from the knee to the foot to keep as straight as possible, the toe of the foot in the direction of the target; take the gun out of the holster, turn off the safety (lower the flag down); put the trigger on the firing platoon, if the shooting will be conducted with a preliminary cocking of the trigger; hold the gun, as specified in article 5.

For taking position to prone should make full step right foot forward and slightly to the right; leaning forward, go down on left knee and put your left hand on the ground in front of him, fingers to the right; then, relying consistently on the thigh of the left leg and forearm of the left hand, lie down on your left side and quickly turn on his stomach, legs spread slightly to the sides socks out. Remove the gun from the holster, turn off the safety and put the trigger on the firing position, as indicated in article 5; if the shooting will be conducted by self-cocking, then after turning off the fuse, put the index finger of the right hand in the trigger guard, without touching the trigger.

Production of the shot.

For the production of a shot from all positions for firing it is necessary: to choose the aiming point; not stopping monitoring the target, pull the right hand with the gun forward while holding the gun by the handle with the right hand; to put the index finger of the hand the first joints on the tail of the trigger; pulling on the left side of the handle the thumb of the right hand parallel to the direction of the barrel; an elongated right hand to hold freely, without stress, a brush of the hand to keep in the plane passing through the axis of the bore and the elbow; do not squeeze the handle of the gun and keep it as uniform as possible.

for aiming, hold your breath on a natural exhalation, close your left eye, and with the right look through the slot of the target on the front sight so that the front sight falls in the middle of the slot, and its top is on a par with the upper edges of the target; in this position, bring the gun under the point of aiming (without dumping it) and simultaneously start pressing the tail of the trigger.

Note. If it is difficult for the shooter to close the left eye separately, it is allowed to aim with both eyes open.

To pull the trigger, holding your breath, gently press the first joint of the index finger on the tail of the trigger, until the trigger imperceptibly for the shooter, as if by itself, does not break from the combat platoon, ie, until the shot occurs.

When cocked previously, the trigger should be kept in mind that the trigger has some free movement, in which the shot will not occur.

When the trigger tail is pressed, the finger pressure is applied straight back. Shooting should smoothly increase pressure on the tail of the trigger during the time when the top smooth front sight is aligned with the aiming point; when the bead deviates from the aiming point, firing should not be increasing, but without weakening the pressure, straightening the tip and once again smooth the front sight aligned with the aiming point, again gradually increase the pressure on the tail of the trigger. When lowering the trigger do not be confused by slight fluctuations in the front sight at the aiming point; the desire to make a descent necessarily at the moment of the best match of the front sight with the aiming point may entail pulling the trigger, and hence an inaccurate shot. If the shooter, pressing the tail of the trigger, feels that he can no longer stop breathing, it is necessary, without weakening or increasing the pressure of the finger, to take a breath and, again holding it, continue to gently squeeze the tail of the trigger.

Stopping shooting.

The cessation of firing may be temporary or complete.

To temporarily stop shooting, the command "Stop"is given. At this command, the shooter must stop pressing the tail of the trigger; holding the gun in the right hand, with the thumb of this hand, raise the safety flag up so that it covers the red circle (turn on the safety), and, if necessary, reload the gun.

To reload the gun, you must:

- remove the magazine from the base of the pistol grip;

- insert the loaded magazine into the base of the handle;

- if you are going to shoot, turn off the fuse (lower the check box down) and, if the shooting will be conducted with a preliminary cocking of the trigger, put the trigger on the firing platoon. If all cartridges have been used up before reloading, you must pull the bolt back and release it.

To completely stop shooting, the command "Discharge" is given.

At this command, the shooter must:

- stop pulling the trigger tail;

- turn on the fuse;

- empty the gun.

To discharge the gun, you must:

- remove the magazine from the base of the handle;

- turn off the fuse (omit the check box down);

- remove the cartridge from the chamber, for which, holding the gun in the right hand by the handle, with the left hand, pull the bolt back and release it; lift the cartridge from the ground (floor), thrown out of the chamber by the bolt, and wipe it with a rag;

- turn on the fuse;

- to put the gun in the holster;

- remove the cartridges from the magazine: taking the magazine in your left hand, move the cartridges one by one forward along the magazine feeder with your right thumb and pick them up with the palm of the same hand;

- remove the gun from the holster; insert the magazine into the base of the handle; re-insert the gun in the holster and fasten the holster cover.

Shooting from a stop and from behind cover

Emphasis is used to increase the effectiveness of the fire. Depending on the height of the stop, the shooter must take the appropriate position for shooting.

When shooting from the stop, put the right hand with the gun on the stop so that the hand is on the weight, and the handle of the gun does not touch the stop.

Shelters are used to make it difficult for the enemy to observe and to protect them from fire.

when shooting with your hand from behind cover, you should take the appropriate position for shooting (standing, kneeling, lying down) and put your right hand to the stop so that the hand with the gun was free.

The grip

  1. Grip standard

To hold the weapon with this grip, the gun is inserted into the" fork " between the thumb and forefinger so that the barrel is an extension of the straightened hand. Fingers tightly grip the handle, without exerting pressure on the side surfaces. The index finger is placed on the trigger with the first phalanx. The thumb presses the gun to the left (and if the weapon is held in the left hand, then respectively to the right), pointing forward parallel to the barrel. The holding force must be optimal so as not to cause the weapon to oscillate due to excessive compression.

When shooting at high speed, the fingers cover the handle more tightly to ensure a stable position of the gun when firing. In this case, the shoulder and wrist joints are more rigidly fixed.

  1. The grip support for wrist

When grasping with support for the wrist with the thumb girth, the standard grip is maintained, while the thumb of the other hand covers the wrist joint from above, and the other fingers from below, securing the joint in a certain position.

A grip with support for the wrist without a thumb grip differs from the previous position of the thumb of the supporting hand. It is located in the area of the pistol handle on the left side (on the right when holding the weapon with the left hand) and is directed forward parallel to the barrel.

  1. Grip with support under arm

In this case, the grip with one hand is standard, and the palm of the free hand shooting sticks under the arm so that the fingers comprise bottom fingers of the hand holding the gun; the thumb is pressed against the handle to the left (right) and is directed forward in the direction of the barrel.

  1. Grip with two hands

When you hold the gun with two hands, the fingers of the free hand cover the fingers of the hand holding the gun, the front side (hands form an isosceles triangle, the apex of which is the gun and base shoulder belt). Both arms are straightened, and the muscles of the arms and shoulder girdle are strained with equal effort. A variation of this hold is a two-handed grip with a stop on the trigger guard. The difference between this grip is the position of the index finger of the free hand, which is the first phalanx rests in front of the trigger guard, exerting some pressure "to itself" in the direction parallel to the barrel.

Stops with a gun

Stops with a gun are used to ensure the greatest stability of the gun when shooting from standing positions and from the knee because of the shelter on the side, for example: from the corner of a house, fence, etc. objects. For all stops, the position of the free (supporting) hand is characteristic: the palm of the free hand rests on the side edge of the shelter in such a way that the thumb, withdrawn to the side, is outside the support and is the support for the gun. Next, we will consider in more detail several types of stops.

  1. Focus the frame of the gun

When performing this stop, the gun is placed with the front part of the frame on the withdrawn thumb from above so that the trigger guard rests with the front part of the thumb of the supporting hand. This type of stop represents a certain danger for the shooter as the muzzle section of the barrel is located in close proximity to the hand.

  1. The emphasis of the trigger guard

In this stop, the gun rests on the withdrawn thumb of the supporting hand with the lower part of the trigger guard.

  1. The focus of the wrist

When performing this technique, the shooter puts the hand holding the gun with the wrist on the withdrawn thumb of the supporting hand.

Ready for shooting

  1. Stand-up shooting Stands

1.1 Standard production by hand

The adoption of this ready is firing to the target side, the same hand holding the gun; his feet are placed approximately shoulder-width apart, toes with slightly turned outwards; the legs are straightened in the knee joints fully; hand with a gun aimed at the target, also straightened and fastened in a wrist and elbow joints. To compensate for the tension of the torso muscles, it is slightly deflected to the side opposite to the hand with the gun. In this case, the free hand rests on the belt, additionally fixing the position of the torso. In some cases, to increase the rigidity of the preparation, the shooter "ties" the shoulder belt with the head, raising the shoulder of the hand with the gun and pressing his chin to it. This rifle is characterized by increased muscle tone and is used primarily for high-speed shooting.

This device is used mainly in pursuit conditions for shooting at medium distances (20-30 meters), as well as in stable conditions without movement.

1.2 Front mounting

Taking a frontal position, the shooter is facing the target, the back is slightly rounded. The position of the feet can be variable:

1) apart, approximately shoulder width; feet or parallel to each other laid up or kept inside;

2) one leg (usually the left) is put forward for distance Polushka; distance between front legs is approximately equal to the shoulder width; feet as in position (1) are parallel to each other or slightly reduced inside. Both legs in both types of position are half-bent and slightly strained.

In addition, when moving can be applied to the ready in the fall (the fall is called a position or action with the exposure and bending of the supporting leg) to the right or left. To accept the preparation, the shooter performs a lunge to the side with the simultaneous lifting of the weapon-a grip with two hands or with support. The torso is slightly tilted forward to maintain a stable position.

These weapons are usually used for high-speed shooting from a position and in motion without using cover. These preparations are characterized by increased tension of the leg muscles.

1.3 Rifle manufacturing

To accept this preparation, the shooter is positioned sideways to the target, opposite to the hand holding the gun. The shooter's legs are fully straightened, placed shoulder-width apart. For the greatest "rigidity" of manufacturing, it is necessary to fix the hip joints. This is achieved by slightly tilting the torso back and to the left (for a right-handed shooter), as well as by straining the ligaments and muscles of the left side of the torso. However, excessive muscle tension can lead to increased tremor. Therefore, it should be optimal.

The right (left) hand with the gun is fully straightened; the gun is held with a standard grip. The left (right) hand is the main support for the hand with the gun. The forearm of the left hand is positioned vertically, and the elbow is pressed against the body. The hand holding the gun is placed with the forearm in the palm of the supporting hand.
In this production, the hand holding the weapon and the elbow of the supporting hand are almost in the same vertical plane. When you move the forearm of the supporting hand forward (from the vertical position), the hand with the weapon immediately moves down. Production is used mainly in the conditions of persecution, when there is enough time to accept the production and there is no possibility of retaliatory defeat.

  1. Ready for shooting from the knee

2.1 Standard manufacturing

To accept this preparation, the shooter is positioned to the target with the right side (for shooting with the right hand), similar to the "Standard standing" preparation and sits on the heel of the left foot. There are three points of reference for the shooter: the right foot, the knee, and the front of the left foot. The toe in front of the standing leg (right) is aimed at the target; the Shin of this leg is located almost perpendicular to the support. The knee of the other leg of the shooter rests on the ground; at the same time, it is located at an angle of 60 degrees to the direction of shooting. The free hand rests with the palm on the hip of the same leg or is located on the belt.

This preparation is taken mainly when shooting from behind shelters and conditions that do not require rapid movements (changes in position) from the shooter.

2.2 Front mounting

To accept this preparation, the shooter is facing the target, resting his knee on the ground, and sits on the heel of his right foot, which is turned at an angle of about 30 degrees to the direction of fire. The other leg, bent at the knee, is put forward; the lower leg is perpendicular to the support, and the toe of the foot is directed towards the goal. Thus, stability in this production is provided by three points of support: the foot of the left leg, the knee and the toe of the other leg.

In this production, two-handed and supported grips are used. The above-described preparation is used for high-speed shooting, shooting in motion in an open area and from behind cover.

In high-speed shooting with movement, the shooter may not fall on the heel of the supporting leg.

2.3 Rifle production from the knee (with a stop)

This production is very similar to the front, especially the position of the legs, but has distinctive features: the front standing support leg and the hand holding the gun are different names; the foot of this foot is slightly turned inside with the toe. The leg on which the shooter sits is turned outwards at a greater angle than in the frontal position (35-45 degrees). The free hand rests with the elbow on the patella of the supporting leg; the forearm is almost vertical and serves as a support for the hand with the weapon. The hand with the gun, fully straightened, is placed in the palm of the supporting hand and held in the area of the wrist joint.

The described method of production is used for high-precision aimed shooting at distances of 20-50 meters, if there is sufficient time to accept the production.

In shooting from the knee, the position of the shooter is more stable than in standing positions, because the overall center of gravity is lower, and the support area is increased and formed by three points. This increases the stability of the weapon when aiming and shooting. In addition, the shooter in the knee position has a smaller area of impact, and you can quickly take this position, both in a static position and after moving.

  1. The ready in the prone position

3.1 Standard manufacturing

In this preparation, the shooter is positioned to the target with his head lying on his stomach. The position of the legs is almost the same as when shooting from a machine gun. The supporting (usually left) arm is bent at the elbow joint at an angle of about 90 degrees and is located on the support along the line formed by the vertical projection of the shoulder belt on it; the arm with the weapon is fully straightened and directed towards the target.

3.2 Rifle manufacturing

The difference between this production and the standard one is in the position of the supporting arm: it rests with the elbow on the support, and the hand with the weapon is placed in the palm, i.e. a grip with support is used. In this case, the elbow of the supporting hand is almost on the projection of the midline of the trunk.

3.3 Low production

In this preparation, the shooter is positioned with his head towards the target lying on his stomach, legs straight and slightly apart. In this case, the weapon is held by a grip with two hands (the hands can be slightly bent at the elbow joints) or with support under the handle.

3.4 High production

This production practically differs from low production only in the position of the hands and head. Hands in this position are bent slightly more than in the previous preparation. As a result, the weapon is in a higher position relative to the support. Accordingly, the head rises slightly higher.

3.5 Lying on your back

In this preparation, the shooter is positioned lying on his back with his feet towards the target. The legs are spread out to the sides much wider than the shoulders and can be bent at the knees. The gun is held by a two-handed grip.

A variation of this preparation is the position for shooting from the hand with support on the hip.

3.6 Lying on your side

To accept this preparation, the shooter is positioned lying on his side, the same as the hand holding the gun, with his feet towards the target. The supporting leg (it is completely pressed to the ground) is half-bent, and the hand with the gun is pressed to the inner surface of her hip.

Lay-down rifles are usually used for aiming at medium and long distances, or when shooting after complex movements (rolling, somersaults, etc.) at short distances, as well as when shooting ahead of time (lying on your back, lying on your side).

  1. Make-up from a sitting position

In this position, the shooter may be as a result of complex movements and after falls. From this position, it is quite realistic to conduct both aimed and high-speed shooting ahead of the curve. Preparations in this position are natural and do not require much time to master them, but training in shooting these preparations is still necessary.

4.1 Sitting without support

In this setup, the shooter is sitting on the ground, legs apart. In this case, the weapon is held by a two-handed grip or with support.

If there is a vertical support (wall, tree, fence, etc.), the shooter can rely on it with his back.

4.2 Sitting with the support of the hand

The shooter sits on the ground sideways, similar to the hand holding the gun) to the target. The hand with the weapon is aimed at the target; the other hand is fully straightened and rests the palm on the ground, supporting the torso in a position close to vertical. The leg of the same name as the hand with the weapon is usually straight and pointed towards the target; the other leg, bent at the knee, is completely pressed to the ground.

4.3 Sitting with your head on your elbow

The shooter is positioned semi-reclining, leaning on the support with the elbow and forearm of the bent supporting arm. The hand with the gun can rest on the knee of the bent leg of the same name.

4.4 squat Preparation

Shooting is in position squats: legs wider than shoulder width, pelvis below the knees; the shoulders are over the knees to maintain a stable position. In this production, a two-handed grip is used to hold the weapon.

This production can be used as an intermediate from one production to another, or for quick care of the shelter, as well as when shooting from behind the shelter.

Shooting from behind cover

Depending on the shape and size of the shelter, it or part of it can be used as a stop or support, and shooting is carried out from the side or from above from known positions (standing, kneeling, sitting, lying). When shooting from behind a cover from above, it is used as a support. At the same time, almost all known grips and supports of the gun can be used to hold the weapon. The most favorable position is when the handle of the weapon does not touch the support, and the hand (s) rests on the cover with the forearm, i.e. the gun is on the weight.

When shooting from behind a shelter from the side, it is most advisable to use the pistol stops on the second hand (thumb), which are described above. At the same time, the greatest stability of the weapon is achieved. It should be noted that this is most suitable for a shelter that has a vertical angle, for example: the corner of a house, a ledge in the wall, or a fence.

However, in some cases, such as when shooting from behind a tree, the hand holding the weapon is pressed (usually with the forearm) to the side of the shelter. At the same time, the brush should not touch the support surface, i.e. the weapon is on the weight.

Shooting a gun in difficult conditions

In extreme conditions, it is possible to fire a pistol while driving in a car, on a motorcycle, and so on. At the same time, various positions of the shooter are possible, which are difficult to foresee. The usual shooting techniques used by a stationary shooter are not suitable here.

Specific conditions determine the most appropriate method. You can quickly extend your hand toward the target while simultaneously pressing the trigger, trying to time the shot to the moment when the gun will be aimed at the target. This technique is very similar to the usual method of shooting offhand. With such a throw of the hand in the direction of the target, its defeat is guaranteed only at a very small distance.

They teach shooting in difficult conditions in approximately the following order. First, the techniques are performed standing, then sitting with a gradual reduction in time for aiming and firing the trigger. Then they move on to shooting training from a moving car or motorcycle. Training is conducted on the growth figures, which are located at a distance of 5-10 m away from the path of movement of the student.

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