Shooting training technique

Competitions in tactical shooting really unite supporters of shooting, amateurs and professionals, distribute and promote combat experience, modern approaches to fire training, introduce practical experience with modern pneumatic weapons in terms of their use and maintenance.

This is all the more important in modern conditions, when the use of pneumatic analogues of firearms removes most of the legal restrictions on access to weapons and regulatory requirements for the equipment of training areas (shooting ranges).

Approved by the decision of the methodological council

Minutes No. 12 dated March 11, 2008

 

POSITION

about the competition in tactical shooting from pneumatic analogs of military weapons 

Targets and goals

The main goal of the competition is to unite supporters of tactical shooting, amateurs and professionals to generalize and disseminate combat experience, modern fire training techniques, experience with pneumatic weapons, their maintenance and repair and use in tactical training. 

General Provisions

The use of pneumatic analogues removes most of the legal restrictions on access to weapons and regulatory requirements for the equipment of places of employment (shooting ranges). The low energy of the projectile of pneumatic weapons makes it possible to conduct training even in a city apartment (thereby ensuring the ability to systematically maintain shooting skills acquired during training in planned training sessions), makes it easy to form a rich and dynamic target environment for tactical training at minimal cost. These advantages make it possible to fully implement the principle of combat modeling in the organization of training, to create in the classroom a tactical situation as close as possible to the conditions of combat operations for which the participants are preparing. Competitions are held according to the principles and rules that make it possible to bring the conditions for performing the exercises as close as possible to the conditions of the battle. The advantages of pneumatics described above make it possible to form exercises that are significantly superior in complexity and richness of the situation to exercises of all other types of fire training, to create tactical tasks that almost completely imitate the real conditions of performing combat missions solved by trainees in the course of service and combat activities. The development of exercises was carried out according to the standards laid down in the "Manual on fire training in the internal affairs bodies" (order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia dated September 11, 2000 No. 955 with amendments and additions introduced by the order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia dated May 20, 2003 No. 340). The use of pneumatic analogs of combat models with low shot energy also allows, with minimal costs and the most safe way, to implement the recommendations of the training manual of the All-Russian Institute for Advanced Training of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia "Use of weapons in close combat", especially regarding the most difficult types of shooting - shooting at movement and high-speed shooting. For training, pneumatic analogs of military weapons are used, in terms of overall, weight and ergonomic characteristics, close to the prototype, shooting metal balls with a muzzle energy of up to 7 J: MR-654K (analogue of PM), "Junker-3" (analogue of AK-74). 

  1. Exercise building rules

The approaches to the definition of the content, as well as the responsibility of the developers and the necessary restrictions to ensure the safety and effectiveness of exercises during competitions, are determined by the following basic rules for constructing exercises:

1.1. Safety of the exercises - the main judge, the judges of the competition are personally responsible for ensuring that the conditions of the exercises, their content and rules for their implementation ensure the safe conduct of the competition. Participants are responsible for the strict observance of the established rules.

1.2. Tactical saturation of exercises - the content of the exercises is determined based on the characteristics of the service and combat activities of the trainees. At all stages of the competition, exercises should simulate fragments and whole situations of combat work.

1.3. Dynamics of exercises - the construction of exercises should exclude shooting from static positions. The conditions for performing exercises include the procedure for penalizing shooters in a static position for more than 2 seconds. 

  1. Exercise order

2.1 General rules.

The shooter is always responsible for fulfilling the conditions of the course of fire, but only after a briefing has been given to him that clearly sets out the requirements for the shooter. The order of performing each specific exercise is given in its description. Before the start of each stage of the competition, the judge brings to the participants the content of the exercise being performed and the order of its implementation. For each participant, the specific location of the targets is formed after the participant has taken the starting position and is not known to him before the start of the exercise. The total time for the exercise is recorded from the judge's command at the “Forward” line and until the participant's report “Finished shooting” in the finish square. The signal for shutdown is the weapon raised up, set to the safety. If the shooting is finished before the finish square is taken, the stopwatch is turned off after the participant crosses its border. If the weapon is not set to safety, the participant is penalized by one point.

2.2 Description of the exercises.

  • Exercises are brought to the trainees in advance and immediately before their implementation in the form of written descriptions, which should contain the following minimum information:
  • Purpose (types and number of targets); Firing line (removal of targets maximum and minimum);
  • Amount of cartridges (minimum and maximum number of shots);
  • Shooting position (initial position of the weapon, starting position, starting signal: audible or visual); Exercise evaluation procedure;
  • The order of the exercise.

When conducting competitions, to ensure the factor of surprise in the course of solving an exercise, general descriptions of exercises are used, which do not allow drawing up a plan for hitting targets before starting the exercise.

  1. Safety regulations

The organizers are responsible for the safety of the shooters during the training and the organization of the competition. They are obliged to establish and inform all participants of the safety rules and monitor their strict implementation by all participants in classes or competitions, to carry out the necessary organizational and technical measures.

Participants who have committed a violation of safety rules are removed from the exercise with a zero result. In case of repeated violation of safety rules by the decision of the chief judge of the competition, the participant may be removed from the competition.

For idle training, maintenance of weapons by the organizers, a separate training place should be allocated during training sessions and a special safety zone during competitions with clearly marked boundaries.

Shooters are allowed to use the Safety Zones to perform the above actions only within the designated boundaries. The weapon must be pointed in a safe direction. Violations may result in disqualification. 

  1. The procedure for evaluating the results of the exercises

In all exercises, targets in the form of a human figure are used (Fig. 1) with three zones of destruction highlighted:

  • Zone A is the zone of fatal destruction. For getting into zone A, 5 points are awarded.
  • Zone B - zone of stopping defeat. For getting into zone B, 4 points are awarded.
  • Zone C - zone of minor injury. For getting into zone B, 2 points are awarded.

Comparison of the results of the participants during the competition is determined by the rating indicator: 

R=Σ/t

Σ is the amount of points gained during the exercise; t - exercise time, sec.

According to the rating indicator, each participant is assigned a place in the performed exercise. With the same rating value, preference is given to the participant whose exercise time is shorter.

Places in the overall standings of the competition are determined by the sum of the places occupied by the participants in the performance of each exercise. If a participant did not perform the exercise or was removed from it for violation of the conditions of performance or safety measures, he is assigned the last place for this exercise, equal to the number of participants. If there are several participants who did not perform one exercise, all of them for this exercise are assigned the last place equal to the number of participants. 

  1. Shooter equipment

To conduct classes and competitions, pneumatic weapons are used in terms of mass and size characteristics similar to combat ones and having power supply devices that provide firing in series of several shots (the Izhevsk plant's weapon - MP-654K - analogue of PM, "Junker-3" - analogue of AK-74M). Pneumatic weapons are provided to participants by the organizers of the competition.

The compliance of pneumatic weapons with combat prototypes implies the use in training and competitions of all types of holsters and equipment used for military weapons. The type of holster is not limited, it must meet one requirement - to securely fix the weapon, excluding its loss during energetic and complex movements during exercise. The analogue of the automatic machine is equipped with a standard automatic belt. It is allowed to use your own belts and rifle shoulder straps. 

  1. Organization of competitions

The general organization of the competition is carried out by the organizing committee. The competition is held by a panel of judges, consisting of the chief judge, line judges and a timekeeper. If any disagreement arises when assessing the results of an exercise, they are resolved by the chief judge on an oral statement. If the participant is not satisfied with the decision of the head judge, he has the right to submit a written protest to the chairman of the organizing committee. The protest is considered by the organizing committee, its decision is final, not subject to appeal.

Each organization that receives an invitation to participate in the competition has the right to send up to five participants. Preliminary applications must be submitted to the organizing committee no later than 5 days before the appointed date of the competition by fax 267 22 71 or by e-mail to e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

APPLICATION

List of Exercises for Competitions in Discipline "Tactical shooting from pneumatic analogs of military weapons" 

 

  1. Symbols

For a visual display of the conditions and order of the exercises, a system of symbols is used, which makes it possible to display the relative position of the targets, the routes of the shooter's movements during the exercise, the directions of fire, background targets that are not subject to defeat. 

  1. Description and conditions for performing the exercises.

Exercise TCB-1. High-speed shooting at a moving target in motion

Target: target number 4, fixed on a 60x60 cm board, moving along an inclined cable.

Firing line: 8 m. Number of cartridges: 6 pcs.

Shooting time: 3 sec.

Shooting position: the shooter is in the starting square with his back to the target, the weapon is in a holster, on safety, loaded with 6 bullets.

The order of the exercise:

The shooter stands in the starting square in the starting position. At the signal from the firing director, given simultaneously with the start of the target's movement, he turns in the direction of the target, removes the weapon from the holster, jiggles the bolt and, moving along a given corridor to the finishing square, fires at the target (Diagram 1). Best two hits count. Static for more than 2 seconds. is penalized by deduction of 1 point, failure to exit by the time the moving target hits the end stop in the finish square is penalized by deduction of 1 point. 

Exercise UTS-2. High-speed shooting at multiple targets.

Targets: 3 height figures, one of them with a hostage.

Firing line: 10 m. Number of cartridges: 6 pcs.

Shooting position: the shooter is in the starting square with his back to the targets, the weapon is in a holster, on the safety guard.

The order of the exercise: the shooter is in the starting square in the starting position. At the signal from the firing officer, he turns in the direction of the target, removes the weapon from the holster, twitches the bolt and, without leaving the square, fires at the targets (Scheme 2). He has the right to shoot each target with two bullets, one best hit counts. The sequence of the defeat is determined by the shooter. The time from the signal of the head to the last shot is recorded. The defeat of the hostage is penalized with 10 points.

Exercise UTS-3. Duel

Targets: Two groups of two to three falling targets.

Firing line: 10 m.

Number of cartridges: 6 pcs.

Shooting position: The shooters are in the starting squares with their backs to the targets, the weapon is loaded, in a holster, on the safety catch.

Procedure for practicing the exercise: The exercise is performed by two shooters. At the signal from the leader, the shooters turn around, remove the weapon from the holster, send the cartridge into the chamber (twist the bolts) and, without leaving the square, fire each group of targets (Diagram 3). The firing order is fixed - the targets closest to the center are fired last in the group (No. 2 for the first shooter and No. 3 for the second), which are set in such a way that when they fall, they fall on top of each other. The winner of the duel is the one who hits all targets in his group and whose center target is at the bottom.

Exercise UTS-4. High-speed shooting at multiple targets on the move

Target: 3 height figures, partially or completely covered by background targets (hostages).

Firing line: 8-10 m. Number of cartridges: 8 pcs.

Shooting position: the shooter is in the starting square with his back to the target, the weapon is in a holster, on the safety guard.

The order of the exercise: The shooter stands in the starting square in the starting position. He does not know the location of the targets before starting the exercise. At the signal from the firing director, he turns in the direction of the targets, removes the weapon from the holster, sends the cartridge into the chamber (distorts the bolt), assesses the situation and, moving along the specified corridor to the finishing square, fires at the targets as they appear in an accessible angle (Diagram 4) ... Best two hits count. Static for more than 2 seconds. is penalized by deduction of 1 point, failure to enter the finish square by the time the shooting ends is penalized by deduction of 1 point, hitting a hostage is penalized by 5 points.

Exercise UTS-5. High-speed shooting at multiple targets in motion with a change of weapon

Target: 5 height figures, partially or completely covered by background targets (hostages).

Firing line: 15 and 8 m. Number of cartridges: 3 + 8 pcs.

Shooting position: the shooter is in the starting square with his back to the target, the weapon is in a holster, on a safety lock, a machine gun on a belt.

The order of the exercise: The shooter stands in the starting square in the starting position. He does not know the location of the targets before starting the exercise. At the signal of the firing director, he turns in the direction of the targets, prepares the machine gun for firing, assesses the situation and, moving along a given corridor to the finishing square, fires at the targets as they appear in an accessible angle from the machine gun up to the 8 m line. upon reaching the line number 2, he transfers it to the stowed position, removes the pistol from the holster and fires at the remaining targets, moving in a given corridor to the finish square (Diagram 5). Best two hits count. Static for more than 2 seconds. is penalized by deduction of 1 point, failure to enter the finish square by the time the shooting ends is penalized by deduction of 1 point, firing from a machine gun from line No. 2 is penalized by deduction of 2 points, hitting a hostage is penalized by 5 points.

 

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