Shooting training technique

Most people who have weapons on duty and for self-defense during their lives may never be in a real situation where the use of weapons is necessary. Some may not even face a real threat or the need to bare their weapons. But if this happens, you must come out a winner.

Otherwise, you may lose your health or even your life. The nature of modern criminals, and banditry, more than justifies the readiness to repel a sudden threat.

High-quality shooting training is a necessary condition for training to repel the threat of small arms and cold weapons. Even assuming that fire contact is the most avoided and undesirable development of events, the need for fire training is obvious. The shooter trains not in order to shoot more in real life, but in order to avoid tragedy when there is a real threat.

The first thing you need to pay attention to is the rules of handling and safety measures when handling weapons.

Our approach is not intended to negate the established principles of handling weapons. We offer a Supplement to the basic principles developed by the SBOR system.

Carrying firearms

It is better to carry a gun hidden in an individual holster, if necessary, it is possible to place additional ammunition on yourself. Long-barreled weapons are best carried in cases that allow them to be quickly removed and do not resemble the shape of the silhouette of the weapon.  Carrying a concealed weapon does not set you apart from the General mass of people.

Use of firearms

It is necessary to achieve a complete understanding of the requirements of security measures for handling weapons, the order of their storage, handling and use, as violation of these requirements can lead to tragedies. A common statement is that firearms should be used for self-defense, to protect one's life, the life of a friend, or the life of a third person. Unfortunately, it is not always easy to distinguish white from black in a confrontation. There are many legal conflicts and legal consequences of the use of weapons, sometimes it is difficult to make clear and correct conclusions about a particular situation of fire contact. There may be elements of corruption in legal decisions, fraud and overt inversion of facts.

Security at the firing line

Before starting fire training classes, shooters should be informed of the basic rules regarding safety and the process of performing exercises.

Fire training in the SBOR system imposes increased requirements for safety measures in comparison with General fire training. The training includes rapid movements with loaded weapons, single and team exercises, increased stress levels, and a departure from the traditional procedure for conducting fire training classes.

Therefore, the leader requires high concentration from all shooters. If the shooter does not understand the conditions for performing the exercise or the content of the team on the firing line, he must ask again and only after fully understanding the required actions to proceed to their implementation.

Handling weapons:

  • Always treat your weapon as if it were loaded;
  • Don't aim your weapon at anything you don't want to hit;
  • Control the direction of the barrel bore   especially when moving with a loaded weapon in your hands;
  • Do not hold your finger on the trigger unless you are about to fire a shot;
  • Return the weapon to its holster before returning to its original position;
  • Long-barreled weapons must be carried on a belt and on the safety lock;
  • Do not allow unnecessary manipulation of weapons outside the firing line;
  • Don't talk or get distracted while on the firing line;
  • Listen carefully to all commands;
  • Use headphones and safety glasses while on or near the line;
  • Never leave a weapon unattended — it doesn't matter if it's loaded or unloaded;

Rules of behavior at the border:

  • The leader / senior at the training site has absolute power at the firing line;
  • Everyone should give an account of their actions, guided by common sense;
  • Do not perform an exercise that you think is beyond your capabilities;
  • Everyone can give the command "CEASE FIRE" or "STOP" if they notice a potential threat to the safety of participants;
  • To achieve your training goals instructors need Your full and constant attention;
  • Dress up your stores using any free time during your workout;
  • Change or seal targets when the firing line is " clear»;
  • Obey all commands on the firing line-especially "STOP" and" CEASE FIRE".
  • Be vigilant   you Will be safe!

Tips for the security Manager

In addition to the basic rules and requirements for shooters, managers should be careful in developing and conducting various shooting exercises on the shooting system. Poor development of the program or incorrect placement of targets can be dangerous for the health of participants. The program should be developed with the specialisation of shooters in mind. For employees of anti-terrorist units, some exercises, for military intelligence-others, for law enforcement agencies-others. Exercises for self-defense are considered common. They are studied by all categories of shooters, regardless of their specialization. not only considering how it should be done, but also what might happen if the execution conditions are misunderstood by the shooter. Shooters can do strange things under stress — the most common is that they stop thinking after they start shooting.

  1. Demand fast and accurate execution of your commands at the turn;
  2. All trainees must familiarize themselves with the security measures and sign the appropriate statement;
  3. Clearly explain the conditions for performing the exercises and make sure they are understood by the arrows;
  4. Your assistants on the line should be experienced shooters;
  5. Examine the weapon for serviceability and readiness to fire;
  6. Use only high quality ammunition;
  7. Pay special attention to shooters who are in a state of emotional excitement after performing some exercises;
  8. Be especially vigilant when performing fire drills in motion;
  9. Set targets for safety reasons;
  10. Plan for realistic scenarios;
  11. Accurately and accurately show the performance of exercises.

Remember the basic training principles of shooting

  • Strict compliance with security measures, self-control, control of the actions of a friend.
  • During the exercise: I do not see the target   do not shoot, I doubt the possibility of opening fire   do not shoot.

Training basics

Combat training programs are developed as close as possible to real situations. This includes checking the presence of a cartridge in the chamber, snatching the weapon from the holster, monitoring the target after firing, monitoring the remaining ammunition, reducing the effect of "tunnel vision" under stress, using the technique of distracted gaze, reloading, and actions to eliminate delays.

Control of the cartridge in the chamber. Shooting training in the SBOR system implies a high rate of training for shooters. Therefore, it is quite natural that the shooters get used to constantly monitoring the presence of a cartridge in the chamber and work out its rapid dispatch.

Snatching a weapon from its holster. Many shooters do not pay attention to the correct extraction of snatching weapons from the holster, when they proceed to perform the exercise, under the conditions of which the weapon is already in the original position in the hands. This skill should be brought to automatism. Snatching should always be performed with a confident, skilled, precise movement, with the finger not on the trigger.

The control goal. Do not allow the shooter to return the weapon to the holster immediately after shooting. Here you need a short pause to assess the quality of your hits on the "attacker". After neutralizing the target, or in the case of pointing the weapon at a target that does not pose a threat (option — "do not shoot"), the shooter must continue to monitor the target. When the shooter is sure that the target is hit, the weapon can move to one of the shooting positions without the control of aiming devices directed towards the target. The final step is to return the weapon to its holster.

Tunnel vision. It is known from experience that threatening circumstances have a certain psychological effect on us as shooters. One of them is tunnel vision under stress. In order to cope with it, we recommend that they use the technique of "absent-mindedness" moving to focus it on targets during the shooting period and control the results..

Recharge. When performing exercises, the leader should not tell the arrows when to reload. They must reload as necessary and reload their magazines between approaches. When performing an exercise, they can perform both tactical reloading and emergency reloading, depending on the situation.

An emergency recharge is a quick action in the face of danger. Empty magazines are dropped directly from the weapon.

A tactical reload is a calmer action during a tactical pause. Partially discharged magazines are removed and replaced with full ones. Partially discharged magazines are placed in pouches for possible future use.

Rejections. Performing exercises on the firing line does not stop when the weapon fails (misfire, delay). It is necessary for the shooter to eliminate delays in the campaign. At the same time, it is possible to use tactical shelters. Delays are eliminated quickly, without losing control of the situation. When actions are performed in a pair (group), the other arrows are notified by the "delay" exclamation.

Shooting at ultra-short distances

The classic shooting technique taught in conventional fire training is not effective in collisions at ultra-short distances, which occur in rooms or during verbal and psychological contact. To survive in firefights, you need to learn more effective shooting techniques at ultra-short distances.

The shooting technique of the SBOR system includes shooting without traditional aiming adapted to the conditions of combat in the room.

The conditions of combat in the room:

  • high stress, high speed shooting;
  • relatively short distances, from 1 to 15 meters;
  • low light conditions;
  • limited room for maneuver;
  • multiple targets / attackers;
  • outsiders in close proximity to the threat objects;
  • smoke, noise, and extraneous interference.

It is advisable to start training by checking the ability of the shooter to hit a single target at a reasonable speed (at a distance of 6 to 9 meters). If he demonstrates steady skills, move away from traditional shooting with careful aiming and start programming his hand, eye, and brain to function at a faster, more coordinated level.

In order to improve from this level, the shooter must identify the shortcomings in their capabilities. He must transcend his ego and make a sober analysis with logical conclusions. It may be that he is fast, but sometimes misses; it may be that he is very accurate, but lacks real speed; it may be that single goals are not a problem for him, but that he has multiple goals, etc.

After determining the shortcomings, the following components are trained:

Development of motor skills of high-speed shooting and development of sensory perception.

These components are inextricably linked. At the first stage, the correct motor skills of weapon control are formed. At this stage, the analysis of sensations of the internal state of the body, the position of the body and the weapon in space relative to the target is used as an auxiliary tool that accelerates the process of developing motor skills of high-speed shooting.

The second stage occurs when motor skills become sufficiently stable and do not require conscious control. This is the time of improving sensory perceptions. Vision, hearing, and touch are subject to the same task   to find and classify targets, as well as to determine the order and method of their destruction. At this stage, the formation of the "weapon sense" skill is completed.

"Weapon sense" is a skill that allows the shooter to predict the position of the hit point with a high probability, intuitively, on a subconscious level before the shot is fired.

If the shooter stops judging himself by the old traditional standards, likes to train and shoot, enjoys improving and is eager to exceed his individual limits, he will reach a level of speed and accuracy that previously seemed unattainable.

Principles

Training requires mastering tactics, methods of movement, and shooting skills at an above-average level. Due to the limited space in most rooms, the shooter may find himself in close proximity to the enemy, in conditions of limited time. If the shooter does not react adequately and quickly, he will be hit by the enemy.

The shooter should be able to hit the area on a human-sized target, which is not so difficult in ideal conditions.

The refusal of visual control through sighting devices became possible due to the peculiarities of fire contact in close combat.

You are at a range that does not allow you to conduct hand-to-hand combat and use cold weapons, or its use is impractical due to low efficiency. You can only shoot first. Here, the speed of production of the first and subsequent shots is important. With an average width of a human figure of 40-50 cm and a height of 160-180 cm, the size of the zone, hitting which takes the enemy out of the fight, is approximately 30x50 cm (belly – chest)., This allows you to avoid hitting a specific point. It is enough to hit a certain area on the opponent's figure. Rapid defeat when shooting without traditional aiming and possession of skills of its conduct is guaranteed at distances up to 7 meters. There are almost no long distances for shooting indoors.

Speed is dictated by proximity, the degree of danger, and the individual abilities of the shooter.

To be able to shoot fast enough without sacrificing accuracy, you need to make changes to the basics of the General rules of shooting.

The key qualities of manufacturing are convenience and stability, but there must also be flexibility to be able to move quickly. There is a natural need to bend your knees slightly. Do not overdo it by squatting and bending over at the waist.

Basic or main stand   the position of the shooter's body and the weapon relative to the body when making and firing. The basic shooting stance is based on the basic stance used in hand-to-hand combat, with some changes due to the need to hold the weapon in a certain position. This hold provides the grip of the weapon   a method of holding the weapon in the base position, ensuring its constant position relative to the body. The main difference between the base rack and the firing stand, adopted in classical fire training, is the principle of dynamic stabilization. Accepted in the classics and in sports, the principle of static stabilization assumes complete immobility of the shooter at the time of the shot. To ensure the stability of the weapon, the firing position involves switching off the maximum possible number of hinge joints in the biomechanical design of the shooter by bringing them to the "dead center" position»

In our method, all joints are in the "on" position that allows you to move in any direction. This makes it possible to gently parry any disturbing impact and maintain a stable position of the weapon, including to soften the recoil of the weapon and ensure its rapid return to its original position. The influence of tremors (tremors in the hands) is excluded due to the maximum relaxation of all muscles (special techniques are used to train relaxation), the technique of movement is identical to that used in hand-to-hand combat.

The grip of the weapon should be tight, but not a "death grip". Excessive pressure on the weapon will adversely affect accuracy. The position of the weapon in relation to the body in the direction of the target depends on the distance to it and the potential danger of being disarmed.

Removing the sight is mostly shooting without traditional aiming, but sometimes you need an accurate shot in a small area of the area. In this case it applies the guidance on the trunk. And when you increase the distance to the target, classic aiming.

Control of breathing under great stress when acting in high-risk conditions is possible if the shooter has a method of mental regulation.

Trigger control there is No time for slow smooth pressure before the shot is fired. The weapon must fire at the moment when the shooter pointed the weapon, and before the enemy fires first. With proper training, the finger will be programmed to respond to visual stimuli and pull the trigger under conscious control.

In a situation with multiple targets, it is necessary to take the correct position, quickly point the weapon and unconsciously control the trigger. Shots at long distances and small-sized targets may require a clear picture of the sight and progressive pressing of the trigger.

The speed at which a fighter shoots is dictated by three factors

  • the distance to the target;   
  • the size of the target;   
  • the capabilities of the shooter.

The shooter should not shoot faster if he can't guarantee hits, and never try to fit into the timelines of others. Mistakes should be kept to a minimum. Use an additional quarter of a second to ensure that you hit the middle part of the targets — this makes it possible to Orient the direction of the weapon directly to the lethal zones.

Correct movement is one of the principles of shooting at ultra-short distances. When the shooter feels that his shots are falling on purpose, then immediately shifts attention to other possible threats. At the same time, the movement should be fast, rational, and as secretive as possible.

Training with long-barrelled weapons

A person must retreat beyond the boundaries of generally accepted positions, and the capital truths of shooting training. The Manager will be able to direct the shooter on the right path, but success also depends on the shooter's desire to progress. The leader and the shooter work together to ensure that the shooter looks beyond the conscious mechanisms of shooting and strive for a level where shooting becomes something natural, reflex.

There is a level of practical shooting where the weapon becomes an extension of the body; muscle memory allows you to direct the weapon to the desired point instantly, if necessary, bringing the sighting devices to eye level and pulling the trigger when all conditions are met.

In the technique that we use to prepare for close combat, it is not always necessary to focus on the sighting devices. At close range, the shooter can quite confidently hit, without seeing the aiming devices at all. For success in close combat, maximum speed is important, with sufficient accuracy.

The proposed shooting technique is not an alternative to classical fire training, but complements it in an area where the usual techniques and rules of shooting cease to work effectively. when describing our technique, the conceptual apparatus of classical fire training is used in inseparable connection with the concepts of hand   to-hand combat, since fire contact can go into hand-to-hand and Vice versa-this is typical for close combat.

The fundamental difference between special fire training and classic is that the weapon is aimed without sighting the target through the sighting devices, with visual control of the direction of the barrel without focusing on the sighting devices, with the ability to quickly switch to classic aiming.

In close combat, the speed of production of the first and subsequent shots is important. With the defeat of a certain area zone on the opponent's figure. Defeat with such a long-barrelled rifle is guaranteed at distances up to 15 meters.

The advantage of shooting on the SBOR system:

  • there is no need to distract your attention from a potential threat;
  • you will be able to better mark the attacker's reaction to a hit;
  • you will have a better peripheral vision of moving possible additional threats;
  • you won't be caught off guard by conditions that don't allow you to see your aiming devices;
  • this is much faster over short distances.

Do not confuse such concepts as "instinctive shooting" with "intuitive shooting". "Instinctive shooting" does not exist. A person is not born with the innate ability to hold a weapon and shoot. A person may have exceptional vision, reflexes, coordination, and ability to handle weapons, but shooting offhand is an acquired skill. Intuitive shooting is based on a derivative of the automatism of the unconscious without a logical train of thought replaced by previous experience.

If the weapon is brought to the line of sight (eye level) enough times, it is likely to return to this position, even if the vision is not focused on the sighting devices. This is not an instinct, but a synthesis of concentration and muscle memory — the product of numerous repetitions and the consolidation of positive skills.

Any shooter who has spent enough time on target shooting has a high probability of hitting the target, even if they do not observe the sighting devices.

Speed

The number of shots fired over a time period is important, but can seriously hinder the progress of a" young " shooter. Instead of working on a smooth descent, movement, and guaranteed hits, the shooter just tries to shoot everything within the required time frame.

The speed at which a person shoots should be dictated by the size of the target, the range to it, and, most importantly, the personal capabilities of the shooter.

All shooters must perform standard and scoring exercises that require shooting under stress and for a limited period of time. They must be realistic. At the initial level, the emphasis should be on accuracy and guaranteed hits. Only then can the arrows move further and develop speed without sacrificing accuracy.

When practicing group exercises, the shooter always shoots faster than he does when performing scoring exercises. This is a direct consequence of stress, a surge of adrenaline, overload of the senses and responsibility to your friends. With all these "stimulators" there is no need for the shooter to force himself to shoot faster, speed will be a natural "byproduct".

We use cookies

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.