Shooting basics

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Use the lower acrobatics to change the position for shooting and moving.

For the use of lower acrobatics, the SBOR is criticized by both experienced shooters and special forces, and the arguments for each of these categories are different.

Shooters say that it is enough for them that they own small arms, and they do not need these "somersaults". Commandos claim that performing such elements in equipment is either too difficult or impossible.

In response to their arguments, we present the following arguments:

- lower acrobatics significantly reduces the time of performing complex exercises, while conducting melee allows you to safely overcome debris, furniture, doorways or difficult terrain.

- initially, the lower acrobatics was developed for soldiers of agent intelligence, where protective equipment was not provided, it came to the military special forces later and has restrictions for use in equipment, but it does not have restrictions for use in self-defense, which is why this system was created in the first place.

Trying to use the maximum number of general movement algorithms, the system has been adapted to the actions of hand-to-hand combat: somersaults, rolls, falls, crawls, the performance of which is characterized by the presence of a trained small arms, which must be quickly aimed at the target and be ready for its use. These actions allow you to connect the firing positions with the fastest and most efficient transitions, reduce the time to change the firing position and reduce the energy consumption of the shooter.

Let's look at each action separately:

Somersaults with weapons are carried out if it is necessary to quickly leave the enemy's line of fire, when overcoming obstacles, and moving behind cover. A somersault can be performed from standing, kneeling, or even lying down shooting positions.

To perform a forward somersault from a standing position with the gun, the shooter removes his finger from the trigger and makes a somersault in the desired direction. In this case, the hand with the weapon should be directed towards the enemy (Fig. 1 A, Б, B, Г, Д). After exiting the somersault, the shooter can assume a standing, kneeling, or prone shooting position.

A forward somersault from the position for shooting from the knee is performed in the same way. When making it, it should be taken into account that it will be shorter in the distance of movement and with less inertia.

When performing a forward somersault with a long-barreled weapon, it is necessary to take the weapon in the right hand so that the hand holds it in the area of the center of gravity (for a machine gun, this is near the store), and the receiver and part of the butt rest on the inside of the forearm. (Fig. 2 A, Б, B, Г, Д, E, Ж).

Shooters who are well versed in the technique of somersaults can perform it by holding the weapon with both hands. At the beginning of a somersault, the weapon is pressed to itself and slightly diverted to the left (Fig. 3 A, Б, B, Г), which gives an additional inertia moment to the body. The right shoulder touches the ground (Fig. 3 B). Otherwise, the somersault is identical to the ones described earlier.

The back flip is used when a convenient shelter is located behind the shooter and care for it is associated with the transition to the lower level. The easiest way to get out of it is to take the position for shooting lying down (Fig. 4 A, Б, B, Г and Fig. 5 A, Б, B, Г).

Positions for shooting from the knee and standing are also taken quite easily (Fig. 6 A, Б).

Rolls with weapons are used to move the shooter at the lower level along the front. They are of two types: rolling lying down and rolling sitting on your knees.

A prone roll is performed from a prone shooting position when the shooter needs to move to the left or right side to change position or cover. It consists in turning the body around an axis that runs from the head to the feet in the middle of the arrow's body. Due to the rotation, the movement takes place on the principle of a wheel (Fig. 7 A, Б, B, Г, Д). Rolling allows you to avoid increasing the area of possible damage as with other movements and retains the ability to control the position of the target and be able to open fire on it.

Rolling on the knees is also of practical significance (Fig. 8 A, Б, B, Г, Д). In its pure form, this roll has little practical value, but as a connecting element of leaving the position from the knee to the lying position and Vice versa is irreplaceable. As a variant of the shooter out of position for firing kneeling in the shallows to move into the supine position, make the required number of shoals lying down again and roll over on my knees to get back into position for firing from the knee.

Falls with weapons serve as a quick transition of the shooter from a standing position to a prone position.

Fall on your back

When the space and surface surrounding the arrow allows, you can perform a fall without relying on your hands.

To do this, you need to sit down with simultaneous stretching and twisting in the inner side of one of the legs. Then move the support to the glute muscle of this leg. Using its inertia, transfer the weight to the hip and with a turn of the entire body, take the position for shooting lying down in the desired direction. Hands hold the weapon and touch the ground only at the moment of taking the ready.

Restrictions in the use of falling by sliding can be associated with uneven or non-slip surfaces, as well as the presence of equipment with protrusions and irregularities.

For training and as a way to change the direction and position for shooting, the "star" exercise and its elements are well suited. Wags say that this activity is applicable when the validity of one contract completed and signed by the other. The front becomes the rear, the Jewish call sign is replaced by an Arabic one, and the fire is transferred to the star for six hours.

When performing the exercise, the shooter makes sure to consistently take different positions for shooting lying down. So from the prone position to fire on the abdomen (Fig. 9 A) has consistently taken position to fire on the side (Fig. 9 Б), then on the back (Fig. 9 B) then on the other side (Fig. 9 Г) and return to position for shooting prone (Fig. 9 Д).

When the skill of the shooter increases, the strictness of the requirements of a certain position and the time of its acceptance decreases, the movements become merged into a single whole, fixing the positions for shooting in cases of need.

You must also consider the availability of protective equipment and special equipment for the shooter. So bulletproof vests of a high degree of protection, constrain the flexibility of the body and are heavy. The latter slows down the movement of the shooter and requires a large physical cost. Unloading vests filled with possessions painfully press on various parts of the body. Landing satchel or RAID backpack increase the size of the shooter and interfere with the maneuver. The helmet interferes with the rotation of the head, increases the load on the cervical spine. And if it has a protective visor with glass, then the field of vision decreases, and the sighting devices may be distorted. This equipment has proven its need and effectiveness, just requires adaptation and consideration of features when making movements in it.

Lower acrobatics are most effective if you have minimal protective equipment.


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