Shooting basics

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As for the shooting positions, they can be divided into three groups with a certain degree of conditionality-standing, kneeling and lying down.

Standing shooting positions

The first group of provisions for shooting standing up. For close combat, these are the most applicable provisions. It allows you to quickly move and change positions. The disadvantage is that the shooter in the standing position is a large target. There are few shelters that allow you to stay in this position, especially on the ground. Because of the instability of the body position, aiming at the target is difficult and requires good skills.


The existing standing positions for shooting a pistol can be divided into one-hand grip and two-hand grip shooting positions.

A sport stand for shooting a pistol requires rigid fixing of joints, relaxation of muscles, and accurate aiming of the weapon at the target. The shooter stands sideways to the target, raises his hand with the gun and points it at the target. The other hand is freely lowered or brought behind the back (Fig. 1). This position allows you to make a well-aimed shot because the distance from the pupil to the target is the largest and the target with the front sight are visible quite sharply, this makes the aiming the most accurate. Aiming in this position is affected by all sorts of stimuli from an elementary tremor to sharp gusts of wind. In addition, the sideways position, although it reduces the area of the shooter's figure, makes it more vulnerable to enemy bullets. More practical for close combat will be the following modification of the rack: the Shooter stands in the main stand of hand-to-hand combat (according to the SBOR system), the gun is held with one hand on the eye line, the arm is slightly bent at the elbow (Fig. 2 A, Б).

In such a stand, there is no need to change the position of the body to transfer the weapon from the left hand to the right. It is also easy to take the position for shooting with two hands. The ability to shoot both with the left and right hand is important when taking a favorable position. For example, when firing through a doorway or from around the corner of a building, if the shooting space is on the left, then the left-hand stand provides the greatest protection, and Vice versa, if the space on the right is on the right (Fig. 3 A, Б).

The position for shooting with a two-handed grip of the weapon has several options. If you need to move quickly after shooting, a left-hand or right-hand stand is suitable. It is accepted as follows: in the basic stance, the shooter pushes forward the right leg approximately the length of the leg from the toe to the knee and the width from the hand to the bent elbow (Fig. 4). From this stand, it is easy to move to the position for shooting from the knee and lying down.

When there is less movement, but a lot of transfer of fire on the flanks, the front stand is preferable. To accept it, the shooter stands in the base position and takes the weapon with a grip for shooting with two hands at eye level.

Machine gun

In classic shooting, the shooter becomes sideways to the direction of shooting, the legs slightly bent at the knees are rigidly fixed with muscles that are equally tense (Fig. 5). the Torso in the lower back slightly bends back and turns in the direction of shooting. The hip joints are rigidly fixed. The left hand supporting the weapon rests on the ribs of the left side, its elbow rests on the iliac crest of the pelvic bone or on an item of equipment ( a pouch, a belt bag, a special roller, etc.). the right Hand tightly grasps the pistol handle without excessive tension. It is better to keep the elbow lowered along the right side. This position reduces the size of the arrow. Shooting from a submachine gun the shoulders are slightly raised so that the aiming devices are at the level of the head, without excessive tilt. The butt of the weapon conveniently rests on the shoulder pit (if the shooter is not in special equipment such as a bulletproof vest, hard discharge, etc.). the Cheek touches the butt or is near it. In this production, it is difficult to transfer the fire to large angles, especially to the left (for the left-hand stand), since the body already has a small bend to the left side, and the left leg is carried out in front. It is also difficult to move quickly in any direction from this position. All this restricts the use of this stand in close combat. Another variant of the standing shooting position is more practical.

To accept the position, you must stand in the right-hand (left-hand) stand. The position of the legs and torso is identical to the position in hand-to-hand combat. Hold the butt against your shoulder. The left hand holds the weapon by the handguard or special handle, the right hand covers the pistol handle (Fig. 6 A, Б, В). In this position, aiming at the target is faster, although with less accuracy. Fire transfer is possible at large angles and at a higher speed.

When shooting, you can look with both eyes, or with the left or right, depending on the situation. Taking into account the distance to the target, the shooter can make accurate aiming when the vision is focused on the sight, medium, when the situation is clearly visible, and the sight is blurry; and fast, when the direction of the weapon is controlled by peripheral vision in the direction of the barrel.

Positions for shooting from the knee


When taking the position for shooting from the knee (Fig. 7), the shooter sits on the heel of the right (left) leg, while most of the weight is distributed between the knee and the heel of this leg. The legs are at an angle close to 900

When firing a gun, the position of the hands can be as when shooting standing (Fig. 8). This position allows you to quickly point the weapon at the target and transfer fire. It is also possible to have the left (right) hand resting on the knee with the hole behind the elbow, and the palm supporting the pistol grip from below. The right (left) hand is straightened at the elbow and holds the gun with the usual grip (Fig. 9).

Machine gun

When shooting from a long-barreled weapon, the left (right) hand holds the weapon by the forearm or a special handle, leaning on the elbow pit on the knee while changing the position of the standing leg in front, you can change the position of the weapon in height. The right (left) hand holds the pistol grip as well as when shooting standing up. As with standing shooting, the butt rests on the shoulder (Fig. 10 A, Б, B).

When the shooting distance is short, the weapon can be held as when shooting standing (without support on the knee). If cover allows, the shooter dispenses with the buttock support on the heel, straightening the back leg at the level of the pelvis (Fig. 11). In this position, the possibility of maneuvering fire, changing positions for shooting and moving to another shelter increases significantly.


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