Hand-to-hand combat basics

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Captures are an integral part of hand-to-hand combat and are used to limit the opponent's mobility, control his body, as the initial phase of throws, rollovers, disarming, binding, etc.

Therefore, the ability to free yourself from the enemy's grip is an essential condition for successful hand-to-hand combat.

We offer to consider the main principles of these actions on some examples.


  1. Release from the grip of the wrist with two hands.

Example 1 (Fig. 1).

In this version, when released (Fig. 1 a), you need to turn your body back and to the right with a simultaneous squat, using your hands "a couple of forces" (right-pulling the opponent in the direction of movement of the right leg down, and the left-from yourself in a circle up) (Fig. 1 б). The liberator works with the body and weight of his body, not with the strength of his hands. The hands only rotate at points of contact with the opponent's hands. We will focus on working with your hands separately below.

Continuing to Crouch and turn the body with the hands, the freed person takes the opponent out of balance, twisting it in the vertebral column (Fig. 1 в). The opponent loses stability and falls. After the fall, it is dealt a striking blow (Fig. 1 r).

Consider the work of hands separately.

At this release (Fig. 2 a), at the moment of squat, the forearms remain at the initial level. The elbows dropped and allowed the hands and forearms to work more freely. The right hand or fist is pressed to itself (Fig. 2 б) and turns inward against the thumb of the holding hand of the opponent, and the left hand turns in the opposite direction for possible capture of the opponent's hand (Fig. 2 в).

All these actions are performed with the hands against the background of stepping back and turning the body back and to the right. Thus, the enemy is stretched and "loaded" in the selected direction. The tack is performed as shown in Figure 2 r.


Example 2 (Fig. 3).

From the initial position, as in figure 1, the freed person, turning back and to the left, crouches and brings his hands together, turning them inside to himself (Fig. 3 a) and grabbing the right wrist of the opponent's right hand with his right hand. Thus, it "turns off" as many degrees of freedom as possible in the right hand of the opponent and begins to take him out of balance. The opponent's resistance causes a painful effect in the shoulder joint.

In order for the opponent not to step or bend the attacked arm at the elbow joint, it is necessary to continue to turn the body together with the hands in the direction set by the left leg, with the implementation of a simultaneous squat (Fig. 3 б). The opponent, obeying the pain lever, loses his balance and, twisting in the vertebral column, begins to fall. After the fall, the opponent is dealt a finishing blow (Fig. 3 в).


Example 3 (Fig. 4).

From the starting position of the previous similar (Fig. 4 a), expiring podkalivat left foot against the right leg of the opponent while rotating your left hand: a brush down to him, and elbow up and to the opponent (Fig. 4 б). Thus, a tight contact was formed with the opponent in the area of the knee and the clamped forearm.

Using the resulting levers, the released person crouches, pressing his left knee into the popliteal fold of the opponent, and with his left hand pulls his elbow bend behind him and down (Fig. 4 в). After the fall of the enemy, it is necessary to "finish" (Fig. 4 r).


  1. Release from painful grips on the hand.

Example 1 (Fig. 5).

From the starting position (Fig. 5 a), in which the opponent, pulling the hand of the defender in the elbow joint affects the joint of his forearm upwards, defender, right back and negive left foot to the far side of the base platform of the enemy, attacked at the same time rotating the arm inward in the direction nakahiwalay feet (Fig. 5 б).

The displacement occurs simultaneously with the entire body. Thanks to the created rigid structure, the enemy's OTC is also displaced. Holding tightly to the attacked hand, it restricts itself in movements, hinders itself, and, obeying the set movement, begins to fall (Fig. 5 в).

The defender crouches, continuing to rotate the arm, smoothly twisting it at the very surface to itself (Fig. 5 r). The enemy falls.

The overturned opponent can be finished off or tied up (Fig. 5 д).


Example 2 (Fig. 6).

From the initial position (Fig. 6 a) in order to get rid of the grip, it is necessary to create a closed biokinematic chain, i.e., in this case, grab the right hand by the forearm or shoulder of the left, press the hands tightly to the back and straighten it (Fig. 6 б). This action limits the degree of freedom in the opponent's hand and creates a painful lever on his elbow joint.

At the same time, you need to step back with your right foot (Fig. 6 в) and turn back and to the right with your whole body. Thus, the opponent's OTC is shifted and he (the opponent), unable to cope with the loss of balance, is overturned (Fig. 6 r). After that, it can be finished off.


Example 3 (Fig. 7).

From the starting position (Fig. 7 a), in which the enemy, resting his elbow defending himself in the stomach and maintaining it (the elbow) with your right hand, the left arm produces pain on the brush, you need Nakagawa to attacking the left leg, turn around face to the enemy, simultaneously striking the fingers of the left hand in the eye (Fig. 7 б). The attacked hand leaves the stop in the stomach after the body is turned (Fig. 7 в).

Continuing the movement, the released person rotates behind the right leg that is being stepped off, crouches, affecting the opponent with a "pair of forces" ("left hand-eyes, right hand-shoulder») (Fig. 7 r). The enemy can not cope with the loss of stability and falls. It remains only to finish off (Fig. 7 д).


  1. Release from grabs for the neck (throat).

Example 1 (Fig. 8).

From the initial position (Fig. 8 a), it is necessary, first of all, to reduce the suffocating effect of the capture. To do this, you need to grab the attacking arm by the elbow with your left hand and move the elbow bend of the opponent to your Adam's Apple. At the same time, grab the opponent by the collar, hair, shoulder with your right hand, and restore your balance by squatting and straightening your back (Fig. 8 б).

After that, creating a point of support in your right shoulder and lifting it, apply a "couple of forces" (elbow-collar or hair) and begin to overturn the opponent (Fig. 8 в).

At the moment of falling, without breaking contact with the enemy, finish it (Fig. 8 r).


Example 2 (Fig. 9).

From the initial position (Fig. 9 a), you need to move the right hand to the bend of the opponent's elbow on your Adam's Apple, and the left hand to grab it (the opponent) for the jaw (throat, eyes, etc.).

At the same time, to restore your stable position, you need to sit down, straightening your back (Fig. 9 б). After that, using a "couple of forces" (elbow-head) and limiting the movement of the enemy with his exposed and deployed knee, start to overturn it (Fig. 9 в).

After the fall of the opponent achieves (Fig. 9 r).


Example 3 (Fig. 10).

When grabbing the neck (throat) with two hands (Fig. 10 a), it is advisable to strike the pain zone (in this case, the solar plexus) (Fig. 10 б). After that, grab the right elbow of the opponent with your right hand and, at the same time, turn your right leg back, sit down and grab the hair of the opponent with your left hand (Fig. 10 в).

The opponent begins to stretch out in the direction of the applied "pair of forces" (elbow-head) after the left leg of the freed person is stepped off (Fig. 10 r), lost stability and crashed the enemy wants.


Example 4 (Fig. 11).

From the starting position (Fig. 11 a) defending is necessary, causing a distracting kick to the right leg in the knee joint of the left leg of the opponent, and grabbing with his left hand on forearm, hand, elbow or shoulder right hand of the enemy, to pull him down. Simultaneously turn the body to the left and the right hand to affect the forearm, elbow, shoulder, chin or eyes of the opponent from yourself up, i.e. apply a "couple of forces", in this case (right arm elbow – left arm shoulder) (Fig. 11 б).

Continuing to Crouch and turn around, the released finally removes the opponent (his general center of gravity) from the balance position and he begins to fall (Fig. 11 в). The fallen opponent achieves (Fig. 11 r).


Example 5 (Fig. 12).

From the initial position (Fig. 12 a), a blow is applied to the pain zone (ears), after which the opponent's hand is fixed in the place of capture, i.e. a fulcrum is created.

Simultaneously, the rotation of the other hand (left) up and down is performed pinching the tendons of the hand and forearm (Fig. 12 б).

These actions occur against the background of a u-turn (in this case, back and to the right) with a simultaneous squat (Fig. 12 в). The opponent, obeying the painful impact on the wrist and involved in the movement of the body's turn released, falls (Fig. 12 r).


Thus, the considered examples allow us to distinguish two main methods of release from captures:

- opening the grips with the help of levers that provide an impact on the shoulder, several times greater than the shoulder of the grip force;

- unbalancing the opponent, breaking his balance, bringing him into a position that forces him to release the grip to restore balance or self-insurance when falling.

These methods, depending on the situation and the capture option, can be used in pure form or in combination with each other.

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