Shooting training technique

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The first stage forms basic shooting skills without visual control of the weapon based on the sensory perception of its position in space.

The trainees have a clear idea of the basic stance and the mechanism of action of forces when shooting. Visual control of the body position in the stand is allowed here. The main attention should be focused on the formation of a clear and unambiguous sense perception of your own body in the stand, the position of the weapon relative to the body (Fig. 1).

To do this, the trainee should stand in a basic stance with the position of the weapon for shooting from the hip. The axis of the trunk canal is parallel to the axis of the forearm of the sagittal plane of the body. Vision controls the position of the weapon and the correct stance until a stable skill appears. As the skill is formed to bring in the basic stance, visual control of the position of the weapon in the hand and the hand relative to the body is removed. The trainee starts training with a laser pointer (currently, there are pointers inserted into the barrel of a combat weapon (LT 310), and full-scale copies of the weapon (MP 654k) (Fig. 2) and military weapons in idle. The Trainee stands in front of the target, simulating the figure of the enemy in full growth, and by pressing the trigger of the weapon with a laser pointer achieves accuracy and accuracy of the direction of the beam when descending (Fig. 3).

When the initial skill in bringing to the base stand and controlling the position of the weapon is reached, small movements are introduced to change the position of the body after each pull of the trigger. For example, stepping back or to the side. At the same time, the spread of the pointer beam will appear again, which will decrease after some time.

You can start training with a live cartridge. The recoil of the weapon when fired knocks down the initial aiming, which does not happen with a laser simulator. Therefore, do not worry about the discrepancy between the first results of shooting expected. Temporarily restore visual control of the shot and conduct a series of training sessions in this mode. Accuracy and accuracy will improve. After that, you need to remove the visual control of the shooting results and return to" scattered" vision. Accuracy of shooting is controlled by the instructor and inspection of the target after completing the series.

When you achieve a steady skill in taking a stand and grabbing a weapon, the radius of dispersion when firing a pistol will not exceed 10-15 cm at a distance of 6-8 meters. Shooting from a long-barreled weapon gives even greater accuracy.

Shooting a pistol with a two-handed grip is trained in this way and is usually learned faster than from the hip. The shooting distance with this grip can be increased.

Shooting from a machine gun is also practiced according to this method, taking into account the features of the grip of a long-barreled weapon.

At the end of the first stage, fire control is practiced using the pelvis shift described in Sergienko's article "tactical shooting system "Brother" June 2011 p. 24. When practicing fire control and moving the point of impact on the target, it must be taken into account that increasing the range to the target requires reducing the amplitude of control actions. This skill is gained through experience during the training.

The second stage is to master the skills of transition from shooting without visual control to shooting with the use of vision (Fig. 4). The Task of this stage is to master the rapid transition from one type of shooting to another. Working out this stage begins with training the following actions:

  • removing the gun from the holster taking the base stand with the firing position from the hip;
  • interception of weapons from the hip position to the position for shooting with two hands without visual control of sighting devices;
  • removing the gun from the position for shooting with two hands without visual control of aiming devices at eye level.

The shooter stands up to the mirror and trains these actions by controlling the direction of the weapon. When moving from one position to another, the weapon is confidently directed in the right direction, go to training with a laser simulator. In this case, the points of contact of the beam should be located as shown in Fig. 5. When preparing for shooting without the control of sighting devices, the shooter looks absent-mindedly, and when raising the weapon to eye level, concentrates it on the aiming point (the target's head). When switching to shooting, the accuracy and accuracy may deteriorate as in the first stage. This disadvantage is also eliminated in the course of the training. As the skill appears, the distance gradually increases and the order of shooting positions changes.

A special feature of the second stage of training with a long-barreled weapon is the presence of only one position for shooting without visual control of sighting devices. From this position, the weapon rises to eye level, and is transferred to one of the standing shooting positions. Actions when working out the second stage with a long-barreled weapon are as follows:

  • bringing the weapon to the ready for shooting from the hip in the base stand from various positions (behind the back, on the shoulder, on the chest, in the hands);
  • interception of weapons from the hip position to the standing position and back.

Otherwise, the training is no different from actions with a gun.

The third stage is a training in the transfer of fire (Fig. 6). the Transfer of fire when shooting without visual control of weapons and with the control of sighting devices has similarities and differences.

The general rule is to make the transfer quickly, stopping the weapon precisely on target and firing the shot.

The difference is that when shooting without visual control of the weapon, the shooter receives information about the target position with his eyes, turns the body to the desired angle, and points the weapon at the target by sensing the position of the weapon in space. This uses a distracted look.

When shooting with the control of sighting devices, the shooter finds the target with his eyes, focusing on it. Then he points the weapon at her and fires a shot.

To master the transfer of fire without visual control of the weapon, the shooter should stand in front of the targets in a basic stance with the weapon in one of the shooting positions without visual control of its position. Targets must be at least two or more, but not more than the number of rounds in the magazine of the weapon used. Then it hits the targets in the required order. When transferring fire, the pelvis and foot of the right leg are rotated, which move the body and the weapon fixed relative to it to the target. If necessary, a step or step back of any of the legs is made.

When working out the transfer with visual control of sighting devices, the shooter's eyes detect the target and the vision concentrates on it. If necessary, a head turn is made. After that, the weapon is directed at the target along the shortest trajectory and a shot is fired, then the next target is detected and the action is repeated. When transferring fire, you need to make sure that the weapon does not go down or up, this delays the time of transferring fire and pointing the weapon at the target. At large transfer angles, you will need to turn the torso and take a small step with your foot in the right direction.

To train the shooter to stand in front of the targets in one of the stands for shooting standing. Targets are located at a distance of 7 to 15 meters. Their number is determined as in the training of transferring fire without visual control of the weapon. At the beginning of the training, the shooter practices actions without firing, but with a weapon in his hands. If the light conditions allow, you can use a laser simulator. Then the actions are repeated with the use of a live cartridge and the actual destruction of targets.
After the shooter has mastered various types of fire transfer, transitions are trained during the transfer from shooting without visual control of the weapon to shooting with the control of sighting devices.

Training the fourth stage consists in mastering various positions for shooting (Fig. 7). Being on the firing line, the shooter takes one of the previously described positions and trains accuracy and accuracy of shooting, using the methods of sports shooting for accuracy. When mastering positions from the non-main side (usually the left side), the results are worse than from the main side. This is a natural feature of the body. With long-term training, this difference becomes minimal.

There are features in the development of lying on your side. As previously indicated, the front sight will be rotated 90 degrees and be on its side. If the target is close, and the weapon of the Central battle, there is no special difficulty in aiming (Fig. 8 A). When increasing the range of fire and using a weapon aimed "under the sawn-off", it is necessary to take into account the displacement of the aiming point. The horizontal offset will always be towards the base of the front sight (Fig. 8 Б). The vertical offset depends on the trajectory of the bullet and is only necessary for long-range shooting (Fig. B) each case, the displacement of the point is individual and for each type of weapon and is easily found experimentally.

Shooting lying on your back in the direction of the head makes the front sight inverted (Fig. 9). here, too, at close distances, the offset is not taken into account. As the distance increases, the aiming point moves up the target.

The fifth stage is necessary for training movements. On it, the emphasis is not on the shooting itself, but on working out the speed and correctness of movements. Therefore, most of the training, especially at the beginning, should not take place on the shooting range or in the shooting range, but on the Playground or gym. At the same time, it is better to use layouts or training weapons.

An important role is played by the General physical training of the shooter, his dexterity, endurance, speed. Therefore, warm-up sessions should include exercises that lead to the development of movement. It's a Shuttle run, creep on all fours and on their bellies for a while, flips, falls, rolls. Since fire training and hand-to-hand combat are mutually linked in the training system, the parallel development of both disciplines significantly increases the effect of training. During training, it is necessary to ensure that the subsequent movement flows smoothly from the final phase of the previous one. It is important that the vestibular apparatus allows not only to control your body, but also to feel the position of the weapon during complex movements.

When the shooter confidently performs various movements, you need to learn how to conduct aimed fire at the exit of the movement to any position for shooting, as well as directly during the movement. To do this, several targets are placed on the sports field or in the gym (Fig. 10). The task of the shooter in the course of movement to take different positions for shooting, quickly point the weapon at the target, make a simulated shot. These actions are trained with a training or combat unloaded weapon. At the end of these actions, the training is performed with a laser simulator.

Only after mastering the movements and confident actions with the laser simulator, the shooter is allowed to work on the shooting range or in the shooting range with a live cartridge.

The final stage of the stage involves reasonable improvisation both in the placement of targets and in the order of movement during their destruction by the shooter.

The sixth stage includes the solution of complex fire tasks. At this stage, the process of direct control of shooting at the level of the subconscious is fixed and improved. Complex fire tasks are used to maintain skills in daily activities after training.

The content of complex fire tasks is determined by the nature of the tasks for which the trainees are prepared, and should be as close as possible to the most typical situations in which there is a need to use weapons. Therefore, in contrast to the previous stages aimed at consolidating and improving certain skills, complex fire tasks should be developed by the training Manager and serve as a rational synthesis of all the previously learned by the shooter.

When performing a complex task, the shooter must strive to maximize the improvement of three indicators: accuracy, stealth, and speed. Targets are located at different distances, and there are various shelters on the likely borders of opening fire on them.

During the exercise of a complex fire task, the shooter must move, controlling the position of the weapon, as quickly as possible, as little as possible being in the sector of possible damage to the enemy with accuracy hitting targets. The need to change stores is a prerequisite.

As a result, the shooter uses not only the acquired skills, physical capabilities, but also intelligence. It is the interaction of these components that gives the effect of allowing the arrow to move to a qualitatively new level of capabilities in fire contact.

And the last recommendation! When studying the SBOR system, treat everything with a moderate amount of criticism and humor. Remember the Russian proverb: "Make a fool pray to God, and he will break his forehead!» No fanaticism and rejection of the new. Keep your mind open, after mastering the basic level of shooting on the system of SBOR try the exercises from the technique of A. Petrov, study the recommendations of the famous Russian master of practical shooting V. Kryuchin, you will definitely find something useful for yourself.

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